Yr Athro Jonathan Shepherd
CBE FMedSci DDSc PhD FDSRCS FRCS FRCPsych FRCEM FFPH FLSW
Athro Emeritws mewn Llawfeddygaeth y Geg, y Genau a'r Wyneb
- Sylwebydd y cyfryngau
Professor Jonathan Shepherd CBE FMedSci is professor of oral and maxillofacial surgery and directs the Violence and Society Research Group which won the University a 2009 Queen's Prize in Higher Education. His research on clinical decisions and community violence have made many contributions to clinical and public policy and legislation. Prompted by his discoveries he led the development of a prototype community safety partnership which he continues to chair and which was used as a model in the 1998 Crime and Disorder Act which mandated the creation of such partnerships across Great Britain. He initiated and developed the pioneering Universities' Police Science Institute in Wales, the information sharing model for violence prevention which was adopted in the 2008 UK violence reduction strategy and by the Coalition Government in 2010, and a comprehensive care pathway for people harmed by violence. His proposal in 2008 for an independent professional body for policing was taken up by government and the new College of Policing was launched in 2013 underpinned by primary legislation. His surveys, laboratory work and field experiments on glass injury resulted in a switch to toughened glassware and polycarbonate and plasticware in the UK licensed trade. His research prompted the historic first National Institute for health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) technology appraisal and guidance in 2000. He won the 2008 Stockholm Criminology Prize (the first UK recipient of what The Times described as "the equivalent of a Nobel prize"); is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists reflecting his contributions to alcohol and traumatic stress treatment services; of the College of Emergency Medicine; and of the Faculty of Public Health at the Royal College of Physicians. He has served as Vice Dean of the Faculty of Dental Surgery and council member and trustee of the Royal College of Surgeons of England which awarded him an Honorary FRCS in 2012, and as vice chair of the national charity Victim Support. He contributed to the Domestic Violence (Wales) Bill and spoke for the NHS at the 2012 launch of the White Paper. He initiated and convenes the professions summit series including the 2013 summit on evidence-informed practice chaired by Lord O'Donnell. Since 2004 he has been a member of the UK government's alcohol strategy group which, most recently, developed and delivered the national 2012 strategy which includes actions resulting from his research. He is a member of council of the Academy of Medical Sciences and a member of the Home Office Science Advisory Council.
Professor Shepherd's research has made many contributions to clinical and public policy and legislation. Reflecting this, he is a member (2013-16) of the Home Office Science Advisory Council. Funded mainly from charitable sources the Clinical Decisions Research Group (1991-1999), which he led, produced more than 40 publications relating to decision making in surgery, dentistry and anaesthesia and prompted the influential Royal College of Surgeons of England guideline published in 1996 and the historic first National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) technology appraisal $acirc; on prophylactic removal of third molars (wisdom teeth) in 2000. As a result of these guidelines and his advocacy for selective surgery in the national media, third molar removal has declined very substantially: 30,000 fewer third molar operations were carried out in NHS dental services in 2003 compared to 1996.
He directs the Cardiff University Violence and Society Research Group which bridges the Schools of Dentistry, Medicine, Psychology and Business, and collaborates with the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge. His proposals that the NHS should be a statutory responsible authority for crime prevention and alcohol licensing were adopted by successive Governments. In 1996 he set up what proved to be the prototype UK Community Safety Partnership (CSP) $acirc; a collaboration between Cardiff County Council, South Wales Police, the Cardiff Health Board, Victim Support and Cardiff University $acirc; the Cardiff Violence Prevention Group. Among other initiatives, this Group pioneered the combination of police and A&E data as a means of targeting police and other violence prevention activity, prompted a switch from annealed to tempered glassware in the licensed trade which led to a substantial fall in glass-related injury and set up a prototype care pathway for the treatment of victims of violence in the NHS involving a new traumatic stress clinic, Victim Support services and mental health A&E nurses who screen for mental health problems and deliver early mental health interventions. The Group is highlighted as a model of good practice in the 1998 Act. His research findings have been adopted in the 2003 Licensing Act, in the 2007 & 2012 Alcohol Harm Reduction Strategies and by the Law Commission. As a founder Trustee and Vice Chair (2001-2004) of the national charity Victim Support he has led the development of integrated services for victims. His work for the 1993 Royal Commission on Criminal Justice included a BMJ editorial on the role of expert evidence in criminal proceedings. He represents the National Assembly for Wales in the WHO Violence Prevention Alliance and has served as a member of many government committees and reference groups including policy seminars chaired by successive Home Secretaries. He continues to chair the Cardiff Partnership Violence Task Group: since 2003, Cardiff violent crime rates have been lowest in its Home Office family of 15 similar cities.
His research on alcohol misuse established a causal link between binge drinking and injury in assault, in part through NHS R&D and Research Council funded randomised experiments of brief (motivational interview) interventions in the lives of victims and offenders. He developed cost-effective one-stop alcohol misuse intervention/trauma clinic care, now the subject of nurse training material and implementation nationally.
Other recent research findings include the strong link between alcohol prices and injury sustained in violence in England and Wales; that the rate of assault injury in England and Wales remained stable from 1995-2000 and then decreased sharply - a trend which continues to 2013; and that financial incentives for glass recycling substantially decreases glass injury risk in public places. Jonathan Shepherd$acirc; s research with Michael Harrison on the design of cycle helmets led to the development, production and retail sale of the patented FaceSaver helmet, launched by the Formula One driver David Coulthard at the National Motor Show in 2002.
He proposed the establishment of a Royal College of Policing (founded in 2013) and university police schools as a foundation for police services, and is a keen advocate of rigorous evaluation in public services, for example by developing an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) field trials unit to mirror the Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit, through establishing NICE equivalents in crime reduction and education (the "What Works" centres announced in 2013); and by developing the roles of practitioner-academics. As founder secretary and chairman of his national specialty academic Association, he pioneered an integrated clinical/academic training programme which has become a model in UK medical academic training. He has served as President of his specialty international research society.
Jonathan Shepherd is Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Vice Dean at Cardiff University. On completion of his clinical training at King$acirc; s College Hospital he graduated from the University of London in 1973. After House and Senior House Officer appointments at Kings, the Queen Victoria Hospital East Grinstead and the Eastman Dental Hospital in London he was appointed Registrar in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Oxford where he held a Research Fellowship in the Nuffield Department of Surgery. His research for his Oxford MSc established that lack of scarring following low temperature injury reflects preservation of the extracellular matrix and that healing by primary and secondary intention represents a continuum rather than distinctly different processes. He completed his specialist surgical training in Leeds University Hospitals during which a UK Government Overseas Development surgical appointment took him to the Ahmado Bello University Hospital in Nigeria where he investigated the association of Epstein Barr virus with ameloblastoma. These findings were published in the journal Cancer.
Observations that the miners strikes in the Yorkshire Coalfield in the 1980s were associated with increased community violence prompted his PhD, "Assault: characteristics of injured and injuries", after his appointment as Senior Lecturer/Consultant at the University of Bristol. This interdisciplinary research, spanning the social and medical sciences, provided many new insights $acirc; particularly the great extent to which assault resulting in NHS treatment is not reported to the police and the substantial mental health impact on victims in terms of posttraumatic disorder and other conditions. These discoveries were published in medical and social science journals and he summarised implications for clinical services and violence prevention in a series of 10 BMJ and Lancet editorials, which have informed his implementation and research work since then.
Professor Shepherd is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, the Royal College Surgeons of England, and the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and of the Faculty of Public Health at the Royal College of Physicians. He was elected a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences in 2002 and currently serves on the Academy Council. Recent awards include the 2008 Stockholm Criminology Prize (The "Criminology Nobel") and a 2010 Queen's Prize in Higher Education. He was appointed CBE in the 2008 New Year Honours for services to the justice system.
He lives with his family in leafy north Cardiff, where, with others interested in the Industrial Revolution in Wales, he built a working blast furnace.
Director of the Cardiff University Violence Research Group
Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Vice Dean for Innovation and Engagement
Honorary Consultant Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon, Cardiff Health Board
Current committee/task group roles:
- Home Office Science Advisory Council
- Academy of Medical Sciences Council
- College of Policing Programme Board, Home Office
- Government and Partners Alcohol Working Group
- Responsibility Deal Alcohol Network, Department of Health
- Information Sharing Implementation Group, Department of Health
- Domestic Violence (Wales) Bill Task and Finish Group, Welsh Government
- Commission on a Royal College of Teaching, Prince's Teaching Institute
- Wales Advisory Committee on Clinical Excellence Awards
- Royal College of Surgeons Honours Committee
Jonathan Shepherd has either authored or co-authored over 150 articles in refereed scientific journals.
Anrhydeddau a dyfarniadau
I was appointed CBE in the 2008 New Year Honours for services to the justice system and to healthcare.
- 2008 - Stockholm Criminology Prize (the "Criminology Nobel")
- 2010 - Queen's Prize in Higher Education
- 2014 - Colyer Gold Medal of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
- 2014 - Bradlaw Orator, Royal College of Surgeons of England
I am an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, the Royal College Surgeons of England, the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, the Royal College of Emergency Medicine and of the Faculty of Public Health at the Royal College of Physicians.
I was elected a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences in 2002 and to the Academy Council in 2011 and am a Fellow of the Learned Society of Wales.
- British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.
- Royal College of Surgeons of England.
- Royal College of Psychiatrists.
- Royal College of Emergency Medicine,
- Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.
- Faculty of Public Health.