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Adam Hardy  MA (Cantab.), Dip. Arch (Cantab.), PhD (CNAA), Registered Architect

Professor Adam Hardy

MA (Cantab.), Dip. Arch (Cantab.), PhD (CNAA), Registered Architect

Emeritus Professor

Welsh School of Architecture

Bute Building, Room 2.63, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3NB



Director, PRASADA Director of Postgraduate Research Studies

External activities

Editing posts

Editorial Board member for South Asian Studies, Context, Abacus, Spandrel, Pakistan Heritage, South Asian Arts, Journal of History and Social Sciences

Other external activities

President, European Association of South Asian Art and Archaeology

AHRC panel member and member of Peer Review Academy (2004-14)

Panel member, AERES (Agence d’Evaluation de la Reserche et de l’Enseignement Supérieur), France

Other information


2015The historic city of Ajmer-Pushkar. Mapping layers of history, use and meaning for sustainable planning and conservation. AHRC and Indian Council for Historical Research (ICHR). £38.035 f.e.c. (one year from 16.1.16).
2015The Nagara Tradition of Temple Architecture: Continuity, Transformation, Renewal. Leverhulme Trust. £270, 284 (three years from 1.10.15).
 Cardiff University Research Leave Fellowship awarded 1.9.14-31.8.15.
2014'North Indian Temple Forms: Reconstructing Lost Origins', £8,865, British Adademy (two years)
2013Temples of Ashapuri, conservation feasibility study, World Monuments Fund, first phase Rs. 16,00,000 (about £75,000)
2012Ashapuri and the Formation of Bhumija Temple Architecture, INTACH-UK Trust, £1,608
2010AHRC Collaborative Doctoral Partnership award (with British Museum), £55,050
2010Shree Kalyana Venkateshwara Temple near Bangalore
2010Multimedia animation for ‘India: the Art of the Temple’ exhibition
2006The Indian Temple: Production, Place, Patronage, £632,186 f.e.c., AHRC.
2004Culturally Sensitive Healthcare Environments’, report commissioned by NHS Estates, with Professor Mark Johnson et al. (De Montfort University): shared grant of £29,000. Contribution on architectural issues and the arts in healthcare.
2001Indian Temple Architecture and Dance’, collaboration with Dr Alessandra Lopez y Royo (University of Surrey) on connections and parallels between Indian classical dance and Indian classical architecture: shared grant of £5,000, AHRB.
2001‘Paramara Temples in Central India’, £1,964, British Academy.
1997Vernacular Architecture of Orissa’, £4,000, INTACH UK, £1,000, Society for South Asian Studies.
1997‘Shekhari Temples in Gujarat’, £1,000, Society for South Asian Studies.
1992‘Temples of the Yadava Period in Maharashtra’, £1,000, The Ancient India and Iran Trust, £1,200, Society for South Asian Studies.
1987‘The Tamil Dravida Tradition’, £1,650, Society for South Asian Studies.










  • Hardy, A. 2014. Designing a new Hoysala temple in Karnataka. In: Klimburg-Salter, D. and Lodja, L. eds. Changing Forms and Cultural Identity: Religious and Secular Iconographies: Vol. 1: South Asian Archaeology and Art. South Asican Art and Archaeology Belgium: Brepols Publishers
  • Hardy, A. 2014. Bhoja, Bhojpur and the Bhumija. In: Willis, M. et al. eds. Cities and Settlements, Temples and Tanks in the Medieval Landscapes of Central India. Bhopal: Directorate of Archaeology, Archives and Museums, pp. 35-56.


  • Hardy, A. 2013. Indian temple typologies. Presented at: Glimpses of Indian History and Art. Reflections on the Past. Perspectives for the Future, Rome, Italy, 18-19 April 2011 Presented at Lorenzetti, T. and Scialpi, F. eds.Glimpses of Indian History and Art: Reflections on the Past, Perspectives for the Future: proceedings of the International Congresses, Rome, 18-19 April 2011. Convegni Vol. 19. Rome: Sapienza Università pp. 101-126.






  • Hardy, A. 2008. Sthapatyaveda (Architecture). In: Cush, D., Robinson, C. and York, M. eds. Encyclopedia of Hinduism. London: Routledge, pp. 834-836.


  • Hardy, A. 2007. Parts and wholes: the story of the Gavaksa. Presented at: 18th European Association of South Asian Archaeologists Conference, London, UK, 2005 Presented at Hardy, A. ed.The Temple in South Asia [Proceedings of the 18th European Association of South Asian Archaeologists Conference], Vol. 2. London: British Association for South Asian Studies pp. 63-82.
  • Hardy, A. 2007. The temple architecture of India. Wiley Academy.
  • Hardy, A. ed. 2007. The temple in South Asia. Proceedings of the 18th conference of the European Association of South Asian Archaeologists, London, 2005 Vol. 2. London: British Association of South Asian Studies.







  • Hardy, A. 1997. Hybrid temples in Karnataka. In: Tilden, J. ed. First under heaven: the art of Asia. Hali annual Vol. 4. London: Hali Publications, pp. 26-43.






Book sections





Research interests

Adam Hardy's research is largely in the history of architecture in South Asia, particularly Indian temple architecture (Buddhist, Hindu, Jain). This work embraces most of the subcontinent over a long time span, and involves detailed formal analysis. Drawings play an important part in my research, not only for explanation but also as a means of analysis. He has done related work on vernacular architecture in India, and on the nature of multi-cultural art and architecture.

Adam is interested in relationships between architectural history/theory and practice: architectural history can be approached through the eyes of a designer, while architectural design can be informed by an understanding of principles and processes underlying traditional architectures. PRASADA, the centre he started in 1996, aims to bring theory and practice together and to understand them in their broader cultural context.

Architectural History must always be a kind of re-creation, and recently, after more than thirty years of familiarity with the architectural languages of Indian temple-building traditions, projects that have come in Adam's direction involve the ’re-creation’ of ancient temples in different and direct ways: working out forgotten temple designs from thousand-year-old drawings engraved on rocks and from Sanskrit vastushastra texts (see The Indian Temple); designing a new temple in the 12th-century Hoysala style; and recovering lost temple designs from thousands of stone fragments for a World Monuments Fund conservation project in Madhya Pradesh. He is currently leading a large project on the Nagara tradition, funded by the Leverhulme Trust.

As first supervisor he has supervised fourteen PhDs to completion. Details of his postgraduate research supervision, research projects and architectural design work can be seen on the PRASADA website.

Main expertise

History and theory of architecture, settlement and art of South Asia.

Supervision experience

Supervised 15 PhDs and 2 MPhils to completion.

Additional supervision interests

Happy to consider all architectural history topics, especially for the medieval period, and proposals for which architectural drawing is either a focus or a method.