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Michael Howard  AFHEA BA (Hons) LLB LLM

Michael Howard


Research student

School of Law and Politics


I am a PhD researcher focusing on Intellectual Property and Competition Law. I transferred to the School of Law and Politics at Cardiff University in 2020. Beyond my PhD I currently work in Higher Education. My research interests focus on IP use in the digital sector and the effect on competition and consumers. As the economy moves increasingly towards a digital and online future it will be vital to ensure proper functioning of markets in this economic sector.


  • Digital app stores such as the Google Play store and the impact of technologies such as digital rights management and interoperability code on competition in these markets. 
  • The Use of Selective Distribution Networks to control Internet Sales
  • The Implications of the Magill ruling for Derivative Digital media
  • The Different Regulation of Derivative digital media in the US and the European Union


  • Dr Mark Hyland and Michael Howard, 'Martin v Kogan (Case Comment)' (2018) 40 EIPR 817
  • Dr Mark Hyland and Michael Howard, 'The doctrine of targeting in the context of international trade mark disputes (Case Comment)' (2019) 41 EIPR 464.
  • Mark Hyland and Michael Howard, 'Striking a balance between fundamental rights in the EU Charter Bastei Lubbe GmbH & Co KG v Michael Strotzer (Case Comment)' (2019) 24 Communications Law 132.
  • Michael Howard and Mark Hyland, 'The Boundaries of "Use": When do e-commerce platforms become liable for trade mark infringement? Coty Germany GmbH v Amazon Service Europe Sarl (Case Comment)' (2020) 42 EIPR 849.
  • Michael Howard and Mark Hyland, 'Beyond Words - applying the new test for joint authorship in copyright law: Martin v Kogan (Case Comment)' (2021) 43 EIPR 546.


An Analysis of Competition Law issues and the application of the Essential Facilities doctrine to the use of Intellectual Property Law rights by Digital Application Marketplaces



Sara Drake

Sara Drake

Reader in Law

Shane Burke

Shane Burke

Lecturer in Law

Phillip Johnson

Phillip Johnson

Professor of Law

Research themes


  • Intellectual property law
  • Competition Law
  • Commercial law
  • Internet Law
  • European Union law