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Andrew Carson-Stevens  BSc (Hons), MBBCh, MPhil, PhD, HonMFPH, MRCGP, FRSA

Professor Andrew Carson-Stevens

(he/him)

BSc (Hons), MBBCh, MPhil, PhD, HonMFPH, MRCGP, FRSA

Professor of Patient Safety

School of Medicine

Email
Carson-StevensAP@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 29206 87779
Campuses
Neuadd Meirionnydd, Floor 8th, Room 808E, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4YS

Overview

Overview

I am an academic general practitioner leading research into how health and social care organisations learn from unsafe care experienced by patients and families. 

I convene the Patient Safety Research Group (the 'PISA group') in the Division of Population Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, and our expertise includes:

  • investigating the nature and burden of avoidable harm in healthcare;
  • identifying patient safety priority areas from analysis of routine patient safety data (e.g., case note review, incident reports, complaints);
  • methodological innovation for sharing learning from investigating patient safety incidents; 
  • patient safety measurement (taxonomy/typology development); and,
  • development and implementation of interventions to minimise harm to patients in health and social care settings.

I am co-Director of the Marie Curie Research Centre in the Division of Population Medicine and co-lead Patient Safety and Healthcare Improvement research.

Across Cardiff University, I convene the Welsh Ergonomics and Safer Patients Alliance (WESPA), an interdisciplinary group of researchers (School of Medicine, Cardiff Business School, School of Engineering) and clinicians undertaking research and service evaluation to enable innovation and implementation of practices to improve patient safety in healthcare.

National academic leadership

I am the Wales Primary Care Research Specialty Lead at Health and Care Research Wales where I have led the development of inclusive centralised approaches to community-based clinical research delivery. 

I am the Patient Safety Work Package Lead at the Wales Centre for Primary and Emergency Care Research (PRIME Centre Wales).

International academic leadership

I am a long-standing adviser to the World Health Organization on patient safety and a methodological adviser to the OECD Working Group for Patient-reported Safety Outcomes. 

I was on the expert panel for WHO's international review of Patient Safety Incident Reporting and Learning Systems culminating in a technical report and guidance. In February 2020, I co-chaired the working group for 'Measurement, reporting, learning and surveillance' at a Global WHO Consultation in Geneva, and was subsequently one of three senior academics responsible for formulating the content and recommendations for measurement included in the WHO's Global Patient Safety Action Plan (2020-2030).

I am Honorary Professor at the Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Australia (2016 –) and Adjunct Professor at Queen's University, Canada (2019 –) where I supervise doctoral students. 

Publication

2024

2023

2022

2021

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

2011

2010

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Research

Overview of Research

Learning from unsafe health and social care outcomes experienced by patients and their families

I have developed a mixed-methods approach for measuring the frequency and avoidability of harm, and identifying priorities for safety improvement.

The Patient Safety (PISA) classification system, inclusive of multi-axial coding frameworks aligned to the WHO International Classification for Patient Safety, was empirically developed during a national agenda setting study of patient safety incidents in General Practice (funded by NIHR Health Services and Delivery Research programme and colloquially known as the 'PISA study').

The PISA study was the largest characterisation of patient safety incidents in general practice worldwide. The PISA classification system has since provided a foundation for other researchers to replicate and extend the research, and advance the primary care patient safety agenda, internationally. Within the UK, for example, PISA has been applied to identify 'significant avoidable harm' in General Practices in England (funded by the NIHR Policy Research Programme), the NIHR-funded study to investigate avoidable harm in prison healthcare services in England, and the Cancer Research Wales-funded Think Cancer! Trial exploring causes of the longest delays for cancer diagnoses.    

The PISA group has a vast portfolio of completed studies that have identified safety improvement priorities across the health and social care continuum, including: unsafe discharge from secondary to primary care settings and safety incidents experienced by children in primary care, older adults, patients receiving palliative care, advanced care planning, patients with dementia, adults receiving mental health services in primary care, and adults receiving opiate replacement.

Example areas of completed studies:

Healthcare in prisons

Paediatric care in community contexts

Acute care settings

  • Harms from discharge to primary care: Mixed methods analysis of incident reports – published in British Journal of General Practice https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp15X687877
  • Diagnostic error in the emergency department: learning from national patient safety incident report analysis – published in BMC Emergency Medicine https://doi.org/10.1186/s12873-019-0289-3.
  • Learning from patient safety incident involving acute sick adults in hospital assessment units in England and Wales: a mixed methods analysis for quality improvement – published in Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1177/01410768211032589
  • Learning from diagnostic errors to improve patient safety when GPs work in or alongside emergency departments: incorporating realist methodology into patient safety incident report analysis – published in BMC Emergency Medicine https://doi.org/10.1186/s12873-021-00537-w  

Dentistry

Vulnerable societal groups across the care continuum 


Building capacity and capability to enable a transition from 'learning to action'

Worldwide, attempts to identify and learn from the most important sources of harm to patients have been restricted by the lack of a universal standard system for classifying harm severity and the general neglect of psychological harm in this context. My research group has empirically developed a series of classification systems, for example the PISA Harm Severity Classification System published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, to be applied internationally to improve the detection and prevention of incidents that cause the most severe harm to patients. 


Harrowing, unsafe care experiences of patients and their families are too often depicted in patient safety incident reports. Such reports represent a unique perspective for learning. However, the volume of data in many patient safety incident reporting systems is so great that many have never been analysed or used to support improvement in patient safety. We have developed machine learning approaches (i.e. text classification methods) to overcome this challenge which will automate the capture of essential information to understand patient safety incidents including extracting details about what happened (incident type), why it happened (contributory factors) and the severity of the outcome (harm severity).

  • Automated classification of primary care patient safety incident report content and severity using supervised machine learning (ML) approaches – published in Health Informatics https://doi.org/10.1177/1460458219833102


Organisations have also been hindered by lack of investment for building capacity and capability of staff to analyse such data. Supported by a Health Foundation Advancing Analytics Award, we are currently exploring methods for 'harnessing data analytics to maximise NHS learning from patient safety incident reports' and working to realise synergy between data analysts, managers and clinicians for identifying and acting on learning from patient safety data.

 

Teaching

Overview of educational scholarship

Internationally, I have shared with other researchers the innovative mixed method approaches developed by my research group to investigate and understand the epidemiology of patient safety incidents (guest lecturer at the Harvard Chan School of Public Health in 2017). I have trained researchers to learn from patient safety incidents using the PISA Method nationally and worldwide (Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Kuwait, Mexico, Spain, Turkey, USA) leading to many international research collaborations and impactful outputs. The PISA Group welcomes expressions of interests from those seeking to advance their patient safety research proficiencies (postgraduate students, clinical academics, post-doctoral fellows, senior academics) through visiting appointments at Cardiff University.

Lessons learnt from my research studies have influenced World Health Organization strategy for patient safety. Learning is shared back to frontline providers through established educational systems like the Royal College of General Practitioners; one example includes a programme designed to support the primary care workforce to recognise, report and learn from patient safety incidents through e-learning courses, national seminars, and a practical ‘how to’ guide. I have also contributed internationally to Boston Children's Hospital / Harvard Medical School's OPEN Pediatrics programme, aimed predominantly at learners from low- and middle-income settings, on disclosure and apology to patients and families following unsafe healthcare

From 2012-16, I was the Institute for Healthcare Improvement UK and Ireland Faculty Lead for the online and community-based educational programme, the IHI Open School (2012-16) – now the largest provider of quality improvement and patient safety education worldwide. In 2008, I was an intern to Professor Donald Berwick at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement in Cambridge, USA. I was a co-founding leader of the IHI Open School. Utilising social organising methods and the IHI Open School's growing network of quality improvement enthusiasts, I was co-founder of a global patient safety campaign for junior healthcare professionals called "Check a Box. Save a Life." supporting the spread and dissemination of the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist. In later years, as a faculty member, I developed methods for students to learn about the experience of patients and families in healthcare to inform quality improvement through Ask One Question – encouraging students to adopt simple strategies like asking every patient they meet, "What can I do to improve your care today?". These educational innovations have since been implemented into multiple medical curricula, for example, at Cardiff University and the University of British Columbia (Canada).

Educational leadership at Cardiff University

Module leadership and contributions

Year from/ to

School

Module/ course title

Level of study

Role

2019 – 2021

Medicine

Quality and Safety (20 credits) module developed for use in the: Critical Care MSc, Clinical Leadership and Change Management in Cardiology MSc, Palliative Medicine for Health Care Professionals MSc.

MSc

Module leader

2019 – 2021

Business

Strategic Planning and Innovation

PG Diploma in Healthcare Planning

Faculty

2014 – ongoing

Medicine

Year 5 Medicine: Changing Practice, MB BCh

Year 5 Medical Students (n=300+)

Module leader

2017 – ongoing

Medicine

Improving the quality of clinical care

Population Medicine Intercalated BSc (n=10+)

Module leader

2018 – ongoing

Medicine

Year 2 SSC Research Taster Week

Year 2 Medical Students (n=20)

SSC Tutor

2018/2019

Medicine

Practical Research Experience Student Selected Component

Year 1 Medical Students (n=10)

Tutor

Academic leadership, management and teaching/research-related administration roles

  • Director of Research, Division of Population Medicine, April 2021 – ongoing
  • Division of Population Medicine Academic Meeting Schedule Co-ordinator, November 2018 – ongoing.
  • Member of School of Medicine Research Ethics Committee, July 2020 – April 2021
  • Medical students interviewer, December 2019 – ongoing
  • Wellcome INSPIRE taster day, December 2019 – ongoing
  • PhD Exam Board Chair, September 2019
  • Member of faculty securing Welsh Government funding for the Cardiff University Diploma in Healthcare Planning, 2018
  • Member of Cardiff University Phoenix project, 2018 – 2020
  • C21 Lead and Member, Education Management Group, Division of Population Medicine, School of Medicine, October 2018 – March 2021
  • Patient safety theme leader, Division of Population Medicine, School of Medicine, August 2018 – ongoing
  • Member of Senior Leadership Team, Division of Population Medicine, School of Medicine, August 2018 – ongoing
  • Member of Research Management Group, Division of Population Medicine, August 2018 – March 2021
  • Primary and Emergency Care Centre: work package lead for patient safety, May 2015 – ongoing
  • Exam board for Intercalated BSc Clinical Epidemiology, June 2017 – ongiong
  • Academic mentor / personal tutor, November 2015 – ongoing

Quality assurance / examiner roles

  • Expert advisor, BMJ Learning Collection on Quality Improvement, 2023 – ongoing
  • PhD Examiner, Swansea University, University of Glasgow, University College London, University of Sydney
  • PhD Examination Chair, Cardiff University
  • External Examiner, Quality Improvement in MB BS curriculum, King's College London, 2016 – 2021.
  • External Evaluator for the European Commission to the 'Improvement Science Training for European Healthcare Workers' Study, a multi-country educational research and development project, 2013 – 2016.

External teaching contributions

  • Invited workshop, 'Generating actionable learning from healthcare-associated harm', 9th Annual Patient Safety Trainees and Students Day, Royal Society of Medicine, London, UK, November 2019
  • Expert advisor, Cancer Research UK's project to develop a series of educational screencasts on 'Quality Improvement to Aid Early Diagnosis of Cancers in General Practice', Royal College of General Practitioners, London, UK, March – October 2019
  • Expert advisor, as above for CRUK, for RCGP 'Improvement of End of Life Care' screencasts, Royal college of General Practitioners, July 2019 –
  • Developed two online e-learning modules on 'Improving patient safety in general practice', RCGP eLearning modules, Royal College of General Practitioners, London, UK, April 2018
  • Delivered national workshops on 'Learning from patient safety incidents in general practice', Royal College of General Practitioners (Cardiff, Liverpool, London), Spring 2017
  • Invited speaker at RCGP Faculty events (RCGP Midlands, RCGP West of Scotland, Winter 2017 / Spring 2018) and RCGP Annual Conference (Liverpool), October 2017
  • Faculty, 'Building Essential QI Skills', co-taught (with Dr Kedar Mate) one-day course for Institute for Healthcare Improvement at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, June 2017
  • Invited faculty, 'Epidemiologic methods for patient safety', co-taught (with Prof Malcolm Maclure) one-week course at the Harvard Chan School of Public Health, Boston, USA, January 2017
  • Online lecturer, 'Disclosure and apology to patients and families following unsafe healthcare', Boston Children's Hospital / Harvard Medical School's OPEN Pediatrics programme, Boston, USA, December 2015 (delivered for CPD on a recurring annual basis)
  • Faculty, IHI Open School Student Organizing Leadership Academy, Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Cambridge, USA; and, delivered workshop on 'Utilising social media for social mobilizing to improve patient and population health', August 2015
  • Online lecture, 'What is quality Improvement?' for the Master of Public Health Programme at King's College London, 2015
  • Co-organiser, Quality Improvement Masterclass for Healthcare and Policy Leaders, Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management, March 2013

Textbook

Biography

Education and qualifications

  • 2019: Value Measurement for Health Care, Harvard Business School Executive Education, Boston USA
  • 2018: Member of the Royal College of General Practitioners
  • 2017: Doctor of Philosophy, Generating learning from patient safety incident reports from general practice, Cardiff University, UK
  • 2014: Improvement Advisor Professional Development Program, Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Cambridge, USA
  • 2011: Leading Innovation in Health Care & Education, Harvard Macy Institute, Harvard University, Boston, USA
  • 2010: Master of Philosophy (Medical Education), Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
  • 2010: MB BCh, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
  • 2007: BSc (1st Class Hons, Public Health), University of Wales, Cardiff, UK

Honours and awards

Awards

  • Health and Social Care Research Partnership Award with Industry (co-recipient) awarded by MediWales, 2020
  • Awarded 'ISQua expert' status by the The International Society for Quality in Healthcare (ISQua), 2018
  • Public Involvement Achievement Award – Runner-up, Health and Care Research Wales, 2018
  • Honorary Membership of The Faculty of Public Health, 2017
  • Best Research Team Award (Primary and Emergency Care Research Centre), School of Medicine, Cardiff University, 2017
  • Royal College of General Practitioners 'Spotlight Award', 2016
  • International Visiting Peter Wall Scholar, Institute of Advanced Studies, University of British Columbia, 2016/17
  • Health Service Journal Rising Star Award, 2015
  • Churchill Fellow, Winston Churchill Memorial Trust, 2013–2015
  • Innovation and Engagement Award, School of Medicine Cardiff University, 2013
  • NHS Wales Award (co-recipient) for Promoting Clinical Research and Application to Practice, 2012
  • Permanente Journal Health Services Award, 2012
  • Gold Award Winner, Worshipful Livery Company of Wales, 2010

Peer esteem

International

  • Member of the WHO Expert Consultation on Monitoring and Reporting on Global Patient Safety Action Plan 2021-2030, November 2021.
  • Member of the Expert Advisory Group on measurement, WHO Global Patient Safety Action Plan (2020-2030), July – August 2020.
  • Member of the Taskforce for drafting and reviewing the WHO Global Patient Safety Action Plan (2020-2030), June 2020.
  • Invited speaker and co-chair of working group for 'Measurement, reporting, learning and surveillance', Global Consultation – A Decade of Patient Safety 2020-2030: Formulating the Global Patient Safety Action Plan, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, February 2020
  • International project grant reviewer, Health Research Council, New Zealand, January 2020
  • Member of International Research Advisory Panel, Centre for Research Excellence for Indigenous Health Care Equity funded by the Australian Government's National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Centre for Research Excellence, January 2020
  • Member of international expert advisory group, WHO Patient Safety Meeting on Global Knowledge Sharing, Florence, Italy, December 2019
  • Grant reviewer, Health Research Board, Ireland, October 2019.
  • Member (Welsh Government's representative) of International Working Party, OECD Patient Reported Indicator Surveys (PaRiS) programme. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Paris, France, May 2019 –
  • Member of International Working Group, OECD Patient-reported Experiences of Safety project. OECD, Paris, France, February 2019 –
  • Keynote speaker, Queen's University Health Quality Research Forum, Kingston, ON, Canada, May 2019
  • Invited member of international implementation group, WHO Medication Safety Challenge, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, November 2018
  • Invited speaker, WHO Ministerial Summit on Patient Safety, Tokyo, Japan, April 2018
  • ISQua expert, The International Society for Quality in Healthcare, March 2018
  • Invited speaker, WHO Patient Safety Expert Meeting on Global Knowledge Sharing, Florence, Italy, November 2017
  • Member of international research advisory board, Harnessing systems science to build an effective and efficient health system programme grant, NHMRC, Australia, July 2017 –
  • Guest lecturer, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, USA, January 2017
  • Member, World Health Organization Patient Safety Incident Reporting System Guideline Review Group, Geneva, Switzerland, November 2016
  • Invited member, WHO Global Consultation `Setting Priorities for Global Patient Safety', Florence, Italy, September 2016
  • External assessor, European Commission-appointed assessor, "Improvement Science Training for European Healthcare Workers (ISTEW)" programme (Funder: The European Lifelong Learning Erasmus programme for multilateral project), 2014-2015
  • UK and Ireland Faculty Lead, IHI Open School, Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Boston, USA, 2012-2016

National

  • Invited speaker, 30th Conference of the European Wound Management Association, London UK, May 2020
  • Invited plenary, 'Learning from patient safety incidents in primary care: the pros, the challenges and opportunities ahead', Inquests, Indemnity and Incidents in Primary Care, Royal Society of Medicine, London, UK, April 2020
  • Keynote speaker, 999 EMS Research Forum, Brighton, UK, March 2020
  • Invited speaker, Marie Curie Out of Hours Palliative and End of Life Care Workshop, London UK, January 2020
  • Invited expert advisor to NIHR panel, National Institute for Health Research Policy Programme, December 2019
  • Invited workshop and 'Dragon's Den Judge', 9th Annual Patient Safety Trainees and Students Day, Royal Society of Medicine, London, UK, November 2019
  • Grant reviewer for Medical Research Council, Clinical Research Fellowship, London, UK, November 2019
  • Appointed member of the Advanced Disease and End of Life Care Workstream, Living With and Beyond Cancer Group, National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI), London, UK, November 2019 –
  • Scientific advisory committee (evaluation), Advancing Quality Alliance (AQuA), Manchester, UK, September 2019
  • Programme grant reviewer, NIHR Programme Grants for Applied Research, UK, September 2019
  • Grant reviewer, NIHR Health Services and Delivery Research, February 2019
  • Peer reviewer, NHS Innovation Accelerator Fellowships, November 2018
  • Scientific advisor to NHS Education for Scotland, Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Research and Educational Development, Scotland, UK, April 2018 –
  • Invited participant, International Symposium on Safety Investigation in Healthcare, organised by the Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch (England), March 2018
  • Invited member, Reducing Medicines Related Harm in NHS Wales Working Group, Welsh Government, Wales, UK, November 2017 –
  • Keynote speaker, National Association of Educators in Practice, UK, March 2015

Professional memberships

  • Member, Royal College of General Practitioners (2018–)
  • Fellow, Royal Society of Arts (2018–)
  • Member, Q initiative, Health Foundation (2017–)
  • Member, European Public Health Association (2017–)
  • Honorary Member, UK Faculty of Public Health (2017–)
  • Associate Member, Royal College of General Practitioners (2012–8)
  • Registered medical practitioner, General Medical Council (2010–)

Academic positions

  • 2019 – present: Adjunct Professor, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada
  • 2016 – present: Honorary Professor, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
  • 2015 – 2018: Visiting Chair (Professor) of Healthcare Improvement and Leadership, Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia
  • 2015 – present: Patient Safety Research Lead, Primary and Emergency Care Research Centre, Wales
  • 2012 – 2018: Wales Clinical Academic Training Lectureship (Clinical Lecturer), Cardiff University
  • 2010 – 2012: Clinical Fellow, Cochrane Institute of Public Health, Cardiff University

Committees and reviewing

National

  • Member, Marie Curie Research Funding Committee, January 2022 – ongoing. 
  • Member, Clinical Research Delivery in Wales Review, Welsh Government, September – December 2023.
  • Member, Data for Research Programme for Wales Working Group, June 2022 – ongoing. 
  • Observer (representing Health and Care Research Wales), NIHR Primary Care Programme Board, August 2021 – ongoing. 
  • Member, Long COVID in Children Expert Group, NIHR, August 2021
  • Member, Health Service Research Wales Expert Reference Group, Health and Care Research Wales, August 2021.
  • Member, Long COVID (non-hospitalised patients) research funding panel, NIHR, June 2021
  • Member, COVID-19 Understanding and Eliminating COVID-19 Trials Implementation Panel (CUE-TIP), April 2021 - March 2022
  • Member, Primary Care Reference Group, Our Future Health (December 2020 – ongoing)
  • Member, Wales COVID-19 Vaccine Research Delivery Group (now Wales Vaccines Research Delivery Group), July 2020 – ongoing
  • Member, Urgent Public Health Group (COVID-19), NIHR / DHSC / CMOs, March 2020 – 2021
  • Prioritisation Oversight Committee, NIHR / Health and Care Research Wales – RfPPB (2020–) and Health Research Awards (2020–)
  • Grant / final report reviewer for: National Institute for Health Research – HS&DR (2015-); NIHR Policy Research Programme (2019–), Health Foundation (2017–), NIHR Programme grants for Applied Research (2018-); NHS Innovation Accelerator Awards (2018–); Medical Research Council (2019-); NIHR Advanced Fellowships (2020–); Wellcome (2022 –). 
  • Invited expert, Funding Committee of the National Institute for Health Research Policy Research Programme (2019)
  • Member, Advanced Disease and End of Life Care workstream, Living With and Beyond Cancer Group, National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI), London, UK (2019-2022)
  • Member, Salford Integrated Care Organisation Evaluation Panel, Advancing Quality Alliance (AQuA) (2019-2020)
  • Scientific advisor, Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Research and Educational Development, NHS Education for Scotland (2018- ongoing)
  • Member, College of Assessors for Innovating for Improvement and Scaling Up Improvement grants, Health Foundation (2017)
  • Member, Primary Care Safety Expert Group, 1000 Lives Improvement Service, Public Health Wales (2017)
  • Member, Reducing Medicines Related Harm in NHS Wales Working Group, Welsh Government (2017)
  • Executive Management Committee, PRIME Centre Wales (2015-ongoing) and co-Chair of PRIME Annual Meeting (2021)

International

  • Guest Academic Editor, PLOS Medicine (2020)
  • Grant reviewer, Health Research Board, Ireland (2019), Health Research Board, New Zealand (2020), Swiss National Science Foundation (2020).
  • International Research Advisory Panel, Centre for Research Excellence for Indigenous Health Care Equity funded by the Australian Government's National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Centre for Research Excellence, Sydney. CI: Prof Ross Bailie. (2020-)
  • Member, Working Party for the OECD Patient Reported Indicator Surveys (PaRIS) programme. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris, France. (2019-2022)
  • Member, Working Group for the OECD Patient Reported Safety Outcomes programme. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris, France. (2019-)
  • Expert advisory group, WHO Global Knowledge Sharing Platform for Patient Safety (1st meeting 2017, 2nd meeting 2019)
  • International scientific advisory board, "Care Track Aged: appropriate care delivered to Australians living in residential aged care." Project No. 1143223 awarded by the National Health and Medical Research Council to Macquarie University, Sydney. CI: Prof Jeffrey Braithwaite. (2018-)
  • International scientific advisory board, “Harnessing systems science to build an effective and efficient health system” programme grant ($10.75 million) awarded by the National Health and Medical Research Council to Macquarie University, Sydney. CI: Prof Jeffrey Braithwaite. (2017-)
  • Editorial advisory board, BMJ Open Quality (2017-)
  • Institute for Healthcare Improvement Scientific Symposium Advisory Board Member (2013)
  • Coordinating member, World Health Organization Safer Primary Care Expert Group, (2012-)

Supervisions

Current PhD / supervision of researchers / postgraduate research students:

PhD students

  • Dr Imogen John, Safety of end of life care. Wales Clinical Academic Training Fellow.
  • Dr Thomas Purchase, IncorporAting parental health aDVOcaCy when mAnaging unwell Children in primarY care (ADVOCACY): a multi-methods systems approach to co-develop a complex intervention. NIHR Doctoral Fellowship.
  • Dr Joy McFadzean, PhD by portfolio. 
  • Elinor MacFarlane, Evaluation of patient safety in the delivery of care to patients with eye-related problems. KESS.
  • Nichole Pereira, Evaluating the implementation of electronic health record implemention in paediactric care. 
  • Shalini Ganasan, Resilience-driven learning to improve and sustain safer healthcare systems. ESRC PhD Fellowship.
  • Laura Pozzobon, Measurement of medication-related harm.
  • Samantha Laws, Safety of ambulance non-conveyance.

In-Practice / Post-doctoral mentorship

  • Dr Sarah Yardley, Use of 'close-to-practice' methodologies to explain and change impact of interpersonal relationships in quality improvement. THIS Institute Post-doctoral Fellowship, University College London (2019–).
  • Dr Ben Bowers, Using injectable end-of-life symptom control medications at home: understanding human and system factors through inclusive design. Wellcome Early Career Fellowship Award, University of Cambridge (2023–).
  • Dr Rebecca Barnes, Optimising patient risk management in urgent primary care services. NIHR Advanced Fellowship, University of Oxford (2023–).
  • Dr Peter Edwards, NIHR In-Practice Fellowship, University of Bristol (2022–).

Current supervision

Elinor MacFarlane

Elinor MacFarlane

Research student

Sam Laws

Sam Laws

Research student

Past projects

  • Jaafer Qasem, Exploring the Acceptability of an International Patient Safety Learning System: An Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Approach, PhD. Supervisor. Awarded 2023. 
  • Samuel Evans, The quality of evidence collected at the child protection medical: The development and pilot testing of infrared, ultraviolet, cross polarisation and high frequency ultrasound to improve standardised
    collection of bruises, PhD. Co-supervisor. Awarded 2022. 
  • Khalid Muhammad, Primary Care Medication Safety Incidents Reported to the National Reporting and Learning System (NRLS), PhD. Co-supervisor. Awarded 2021. 
  • Alison Cooper, Exploring opportunities for patient safety when GPs work in or alongside emergency departments: realist synthesis and evaluation, PhD. Co-supervisor. Awarded 2020. 
  • Flore Laforest, MPH, and Jawaher Alkhaldi, MPH,Cardiff University. Supervisor. Awarded 2019. 
  • Doctoral students at Macquarie University, Sydney: Melissa Riddoch DPT, Avanthi Rajaratnam DPT,  Natalie Fowler DPT, Kelsy Weavil DPT, Michelle Khan DPT, Maxine Delaney DPT. Co-supervisor. Awarded 2019. 
  • Haroon Chughtai, MSc Clinical Bioinformatics, University of Liverpool. Co-supervisor. Awarded 2019. 
  • Doctoral students at Macquarie University, Sydney: Harriet Amey DPT, Luke Davies DPT, Sarah Trifogli DPT, Kathryn Walker DPT. Co-supervisor. Awarded 2018. 
  • Eduardo Ensaldo-Carrasco, Describing and understanding patient safety incidents in primary care dentistry and building consensus on Never Events, PhD, University of Edinburgh. Co-supervisor. Awarded 2018. 
  • Huw Evans, MSc Health Informatics, Swansea University. Co-supervisor. Awarded 2016. 
  • Philippa Claire Rees, Paediatric safety in primary care: A cross-sectional mixed methods study of national incident report data, MPhil, Cardiff University (intercalating medical student). Supervisor. Awarded 2015. 

Engagement

Examples of engagement activities

Activity

Partner

Effect

A study to improve the quality of out of hours palliative care services for end of life patients (Marie Curie / RCGP Research Fellowship, 2016–2018)

Aneurin Bevan University Health Board (ABUHB)

  • Nine-fold increase of anticipatory prescribing documentation, a 42% rise in documentation of resuscitation preferences and improved  sharing of information with out of hours services;
  • Two peer-reviewed publications (Palliative Medicine, BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care) and three oral presentations at international conferences (one prize winning) outlining the patient safety priorities for improving out of hours general practice for end of life patients;
  • 'how to' guide, with exemplars from the quality improvement project undertaken at ABUHB, to be published by Royal College of General Practitioners; and,
  • A new funded research collaboration to study human-dependent factors for safe / unsafe care in Palliative and Mental Health Carebetween Marie Curie Palliative Care Research Department, UCL and the Marie Curie Research Centre, Cardiff University (successful bid for post-doctoral fellowship, THIS Institute, University of Cambridge).

Harnessing data analytics to maximise NHS learning from patient safety incident reports; funded by Health Foundation (Advancing Analytics Award, September 2019-2020)

Cardiff and Vale University Health Board

  • Improving how a large NHS organisation organises, supports access and learns from patient safety data;
  • Junior doctors are carrying out quality improvements projects to mitigate risks to patients identified during the project;
  • Generated a funding application for further work;
  • Multiple CPD e-learning modules for staff;
  • Early findings showcased via plenary at Health Education and Improvement Wales conference (12/2019);
  • Development of a data dashboard for NHS clinicians and staff to securely analyse patient safety data to identify priorities for improving the safety of patient care;

KESS-2 funded PhD to explore patient safety in eye health

Optometry Wales

  • Project has initiated a pipeline of safety-related projects between MEDIC and OPTOM schools, and preliminary work and grant funding bids in development;
  • Informed the content and format of a 'Serious Incident Reporting Form' for optometry in Wales (01/2020);
  • Workshops on reporting and learning from patient safety incidents with optometry professionals (02/2020); and,
  • Excellent stakeholder access and clear channel for knowledge dissemination via Optometry (umbrella organisation for primary eye health profession in Wales).

Sustained research-based contributions to knowledge translation within the general practice profession (external to HEI sector)

Royal College of General Practitioners