# Dr Zhihua Xie

Reader

- ZXie@cardiff.ac.uk
- +44 29208 79375
- Queen's Buildings - West Building, Room W/2.36, 5 The Parade, Newport Road, Cardiff, CF24 3AA

- Media commentator
- Available for postgraduate supervision

## Overview

Dr Zhihua Xie is a Reader in the School of Engineering at Cardiff University. He obtained Ph.D. in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in 2010 from the University of Leeds, funded by the Marie Curie EST Fellowship. He previously worked as a Research Associate in Computational Hydraulics at Cardiff University from 2010 to 2012 before working as a Research Associate in Numerical Modelling of Multiphase Flows at Imperial College London between 2013 and 2016. In January 2017, he was hired as a Lecturer of Fluid Mechanics in the School of Engineering at Cardiff University and was promoted to Senior Lecturer in August 2019 and Reader in August 2022. He hosted the Royal Society Newton Advanced Fellowship in 2020 and awarded the Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellowship for Experienced Researchers in 2023.

His main research interest is in development and application of CFD codes (FVM, FDM, FEM) for predicting interfacial and multiphase flows in environmental and industrial problems. His research is funded by EPSRC, Royal Society and British Council. He is a member of the UKRI Talent Panel College and EPSRC Peer Review College, Leadership Team of International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR) Technical Committee on Coastal and Maritime Hydraulics, and Technical Program Committee for International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE). He is an Editorial Board Member for Applied Ocean Research and Scientific Reports.

**Selected Publications:**

- P. Hergibo, T.N. Phillips, Z. Xie. A moment-of-fluid method for resolving filamentary structures using a symmetric multi-material approach.
*Journal of Computational Physics*, 491:112401, 2023. DOI - W. Doherty, T.N. Phillips, Z. Xie. A stabilised finite element framework for viscoelastic multiphase flows using a conservative level-set method.
*Journal of Computational Physics*, 477:111936, 2023. DOI - Z. Xie. An implicit Cartesian cut-cell method for incompressible viscous flows with complex geometries.
*Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering*, 399:115449, 2022. DOI - Z. Xie, P. Lin, T. Stoesser. A conservative and consistent implicit Cartesian cut-cell method for moving geometries with reduced spurious pressure oscillations.
*Journal of Computational Physics*, 459:111124, 2022. DOI - Z. Xie, P. Lin. Eulerian and Lagrangian transport by shallow-water breaking waves.
*Physics of Fluids*, 34:032116, 2022. DOI - Z. Xie, B. Lin, R.A. Falconer, A.N. Nichols, S.J. Tait, and K.V. Horoshenkov. Large-eddy simulation of turbulent free surface flow over a gravel bed.
*Journal of Hydraulic Research*, 60:205-219, 2022. DOI - Z. Xie, T. Stoesser. A three-dimensional Cartesian cut-cell/volume-of-fluid method for two-phase flows with moving bodies.
*Journal of Computational Physics*, 416:109536, 2020. DOI - Z. Xie, T. Stoesser, S. Yan, Q. Ma, and P. Lin. A Cartesian cut-cell based multiphase flow model for large-eddy simulation of three-dimensional wave-structure interaction.
*Computers & Fluids*, 213:104747, 2020. DOI - Q. Lei, Z. Xie, D. Pavlidis, P. Salinas, J. Veltin, A.H. Muggeridge, O.K. Matar, C.C. Pain, M.D. Jackson, K. Arland, and A.J. Gyllensten. The shape and motion of gas bubbles in a liquid flowing through a thin annulus.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 855:1017-1039, 2018. DOI - Z. Xie. A two-phase flow model for three-dimensional breaking waves over complex topography.
*Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences*, 471:20150101,2015. DOI

**Research Interests:**

- Computational Fluid Dynamics
- Turbulence Modelling and Simulation
- Interfacial and Multiphase Flows
- Water Wave Mechanics
- Hydrodynamics
- Hydraulics
- Coastal and Ocean Engineering
- Environmental Fluid Mechanics
- Fluid-Structure Interaction
- Chemical Engineering
- Numerical Methods and High Performance Computing.

**Expert Reviewer for Journals:**

- Journal of Fluid Mechanics (Cambridge University Press)
- Journal of Computational Physics (Elsevier)
- Computers & Fluids (Elsevier)
- International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids (Wiley)
- Journal of Hydraulic Research (IAHR)
- Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (ASCE)
- Applied Ocean Research (Elsevier)
- Advances in Water Resources (Elsevier)
- Journal of Hydro-environment Research (Elsevier)
- European Journal of Mechanics / B Fluids (Elsevier)
- Ocean Modelling (Elsevier)
- Ocean Engineering (Elsevier)
- Applied Mathematical Modelling (Elsevier)
- International Journal of Multiphase Flow (Elsevier)
- Physics of Fluids (AIP)
- Journal of Geophysical Research (AGU)
- Water Resources Research (AGU)
- Water Research (Elsevier)
- Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering (ASCE)
- Journal of Engineering Mechanics (ASCE)
- International Journal of Sediment Research (Elsevier)
- Computer Physics Communications (Elsevier)
- Computer Modelling in Engineering & Sciences (Tech Science)
- Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics (Elsevier)
- Computers and Mathematics with Applications (Elsevier)
- Proceedings of ICE - Water Management (ICE)
- Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics (Taylor & Francis)
- International Journal of River Basin Management (Taylor & Francis)
- Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research (Taylor & Francis)
- Journal of Scientific Computing (Springer)
- Journal of Hydrodynamics (Springer)
- Natural Hazards (Springer)
- Numerical Algorithms (Springer)
- International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer (Elsevier)
- Applied Thermal Engineering (Elsevier)
- Chemical Engineering Science (Elsevier)
- Advanced Power Technology (Elsevier)
- Journal of Colloid and Interface Science (Elsevier)
- Chemical Engineering Research and Design (Elsevier)
- Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering (Elsevier)
- Food and Bioproducts Processing (Elsevier)
- International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)
- Scientific Reports (Nature)
- Engineering Computations (Emerald)
- Proc. IMechE, Part C: J. of Mechanical Engineering Science (SAGE)
- International Journal of Ocean and Coastal Engineering (World Scientific)

## Publication

### 2023

- Hergibo, P., Phillips, T. N. and Xie, Z. 2023. A moment-of-fluid method for resolving filamentary structures using a symmetric multi-material approach. Journal of Computational Physics 491, article number: 112401. (10.1016/j.jcp.2023.112401)
- Wu, F. et al. 2023. Power-controlled acoustofluidic manipulation of microparticles. Ultrasonics 134, article number: 107087. (10.1016/j.ultras.2023.107087)
- Luo, Q., Stoesser, T., Jalalabadi, R. and Xie, Z. 2023. Hydrodynamics and turbulence of free-surface flow over a backward-facing step. Journal of Hydraulic Research 61(5), pp. 611-630. (10.1080/00221686.2023.2239751)
- Zhang, N., Yan, S., Ma, Q., Guo, X., Xie, Z. and Zheng, X. 2023. A CNN-supported Lagrangian ISPH model for free surface flow. Applied Ocean Research 136, article number: 103587. (10.1016/j.apor.2023.103587)
- Li, Q., Yan, S., Zhang, Y., Zhang, N., Ma, Q. and Xie, Z. 2023. Numerical modelling of breaking wave impacts on seawalls with recurved parapets using qaleFOAM. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 33(2), pp. 157-163. (10.17736/ijope.2023.sv05)
- Wang, H. et al. 2023. An enhanced tilted-angle acoustic tweezer for mechanical phenotyping of cancer cells. Analytica Chimica Acta 1255, article number: 341120. (10.1016/j.aca.2023.341120)
- Doherty, W., Phillips, T. N. and Xie, Z. 2023. A stabilised finite element framework for viscoelastic multiphase flows using a conservative level-set method. Journal of Computational Physics 477, article number: 111936. (10.1016/j.jcp.2023.111936)
- Wang, H. et al. 2023. Modelling hybrid acoustofluidic devices for enhancing nano- and micro-particle manipulation in microfluidics. Applied Acoustics 205, article number: 109258. (10.1016/j.apacoust.2023.109258)

### 2022

- Zhang, C., Kang, Z., Ni, W. and Xie, Z. 2022. Coupling effects of top-end dynamic boundary with a planar trajectory of "8" on three-dimensional VIV characteristics. Marine Structures 86, article number: 103304. (10.1016/j.marstruc.2022.103304)
- Sun, C. et al. 2022. Acoustically accelerated neural differentiation of human embryonic stem cells. Acta Biomaterialia 151, pp. 333-345. (10.1016/j.actbio.2022.07.041)
- Xie, Z. 2022. An implicit Cartesian cut-cell method for incompressible viscous flows with complex geometries. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 399, article number: 115449. (10.1016/j.cma.2022.115449)
- Xie, Z., Lin, P. and Stoesser, T. 2022. A conservative and consistent implicit Cartesian cut-cell method for moving geometries with reduced spurious pressure oscillations. Journal of Computational Physics 459, article number: 111124. (10.1016/j.jcp.2022.111124)
- Brocchini, M., Marini, F., Postacchini, M., Zitti, G., Falchi, M. and Xie, Z. 2022. Interaction between breaking-induced vortices and near-bed structures. Part 1. Experimental and theoretical investigation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 940, article number: A44. (10.1017/jfm.2022.260)
- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Yuan, C., Xie, Z., Dong, G. and Stoesser, T. 2022. An efficient 3D non-hydrostatic model for predicting nonlinear wave interactions with fixed floating structures. Ocean Engineering 248, article number: 110810. (10.1016/j.oceaneng.2022.110810)
- Xie, Z. and Lin, P. 2022. Eulerian and Lagrangian transport by shallow-water breaking waves. Physics of Fluids 34(3), article number: 32116. (10.1063/5.0086434)
- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Yuan, C., Xie, Z., Dong, G. and Stoesser, T. 2022. Vortex shedding and evolution induced by the interactions between a solitary wave and a submerged horizontal plate. Journal of Hydraulic Research 60(2), pp. 311-325. (10.1080/00221686.2021.2001594)
- Li, Q., Xia, J., Xie, Z., Zhou, M. and Deng, S. 2022. Hazard and vulnerability in urban inundated underground space: Hydrodynamic analysis of human instability for stairway evacuation. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 70, article number: 102754. (10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102754)
- Li, Q., Xia, J., Zhou, M., Deng, S., Zhang, H. and Xie, Z. 2022. Physical modelling of energy losses at surcharged three-way junction manholes in drainage system. Water Science and Technology 85(4), pp. 1011-1026., article number: 639. (10.2166/wst.2021.639)
- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Ding, W., Xie, Z. and Dong, G. 2022. Three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model for dam-break flows. Physics of Fluids 34(2), article number: 22105. (10.1063/5.0081094)
- Xie, Z., Lin, B., Falconer, R., Nichols, A., Tait, S. and Horoshenkov, K. 2022. Large-eddy simulation of turbulent free surface flow over a gravel bed. Journal of Hydraulic Research 60(2), pp. 205-219. (10.1080/00221686.2021.1908437)
- Adzic, F., Stoesser, T., Liu, Y. and Xie, Z. 2022. Large-eddy simulation of supercritical free-surface flow in an open-channel contraction. Journal of Hydraulic Research 60(4), pp. 628-644. (10.1080/00221686.2022.2041496)

### 2021

- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Ding, W., Xie, Z. and Dong, G. 2021. An efficient three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model for undular bores in open channels. Physics of Fluids 33(12), article number: 127111. (10.1063/5.0073241)
- Christou, A., Stoesser, T. and Xie, Z. 2021. A large-eddy-simulation-based numerical wave tank for three-dimensional wave-structure interaction. Computers and Fluids 231, article number: 105179. (10.1016/j.compfluid.2021.105179)
- Xie, Z., Stoesser, T. and Xia, J. 2021. Simulation of three-dimensional free-surface dam-break flows over a cuboid, cylinder, and sphere. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 147(9), article number: 6021009. (10.1061/%28ASCE%29HY.1943-7900.0001910)
- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Yuan, C., Xie, Z. and Dong, G. 2021. A three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model for tsunami waves generated by submarine landslides. Applied Mathematical Modelling 96, pp. 1-19. (10.1016/j.apm.2021.02.014)
- Jalalabadi, R., Stoesser, T., Ouro, P., Luo, Q. and Xie, Z. 2021. Free surface flow over square bars at different Reynolds numbers. Journal of Hydro-environment Research 36, pp. 67-76. (10.1016/j.jher.2021.03.005)
- Wu, F. et al. 2021. An enhanced tilted-angle acoustofluidic chip for cancer cell manipulation. IEEE Electron Device Letters 42(4), pp. 577-580. (10.1109/LED.2021.3062292)
- Ransley, E. J. et al. 2021. Focused wave interactions with floating structures: A blind comparative study. Engineering and Computational Mechanics 174(1), pp. 46-61. (10.1680/jencm.20.00006)
- Lu, L., Zhou, Z., Qin, J., Song, Z., Xie, Z., Lou, X. and Li, Y. 2021. Three-dimensional viscous numerical simulations of focused waves on bottom-mounted multiple rigid circular cylinders. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 31(1), pp. 61-70. (10.17736/ijope.2021.jc822)
- Venkatachalam, S. et al. 2021. A comparative study on the nonlinear interaction between a focusing wave and cylinder using state-of-the-art solvers: part A. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 31(1), pp. 1-10. (10.17736/ijope.2021.jc820)
- Agarwal, S. et al. 2021. A comparative study on the nonlinear interaction between a focusing wave and cylinder using state-of-the-art solvers: part B. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 31(1), pp. 11-18. (10.17736/ijope.2021.jc832)
- Christou, A., Xie, Z., Stoesser, T. and Ouro Barba, P. 2021. Propagation of a solitary wave over a finite submerged thin plate. Applied Ocean Research 106 (10.1016/j.apor.2020.102425)
- Sun, C. et al. 2021. Flexible printed circuit board as novel electrodes for acoustofluidic devices. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices 68(1), pp. 393-398. (10.1109/TED.2020.3039760)
- Xie, Z., Martelo Lopez, S., Christou, A., Stoesser, T., Lu, L. and Lin, P. 2021. Numerical investigation of steep focused wave interaction with a vertical cylinder using a cartesian cut-cell method. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 31(1), pp. 78-86. (10.17736/ijope.2021.jc809)

### 2020

- Via-Estrem, L. et al. 2020. Robust control volume finite element methods for numerical wave tanks using extreme adaptive anisotropic meshes. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 92(12), pp. 1707-1722. (10.1002/fld.4845)
- Sun, C. et al. 2020. Thin film gallium nitride (GaN) based acoustofluidic tweezer: modelling and microparticle manipulation. Ultrasonics 108, article number: 106202. (10.1016/j.ultras.2020.106202)
- Xie, Z., Stoesser, T., Yan, S., Ma, Q. and Lin, P. 2020. A Cartesian cut-cell based multiphase flow model for large-eddy simulation of three-dimensional wave-structure interaction. Computers and Fluids 213, article number: 104747. (10.1016/j.compfluid.2020.104747)
- Xie, Z. and Stoesser, T. 2020. Two-phase flow simulation of breaking solitary waves over surface-piercing and submerged conical structures. Ocean Engineering 213, article number: 107679. (10.1016/j.oceaneng.2020.107679)
- Wang, J., Yan, S., Ma, Q., Wang, J., Xie, Z. and Marran, S. 2020. Numerical simulation of focused wave interaction with WEC models using qaleFOAM. Engineering and Computational Mechanics 173(3), pp. 100-118. (10.1680/jencm.19.00035)
- Zhang, C., Kang, Z., Stoesser, T., Xie, Z. and Massie, L. 2020. Experimental investigation on the VIV of a slender body under the combination of uniform flow and top-end surge. Ocean Engineering 216, article number: 108094. (10.1016/j.oceaneng.2020.108094)
- Mikhaylov, R. et al. 2020. Correction: Development and characterisation of acoustofluidic devices using detachable electrodes made from PCB. Lab on a Chip 20(17), article number: 3278. (10.1039/D0LC90070B)
- Xie, Z. and Stoesser, T. 2020. A three-dimensional Cartesian cut-cell/volume-of-fluid method for two-phase flows with moving bodies. Journal of Computational Physics 416, article number: 109536. (10.1016/j.jcp.2020.109536)
- Sun, C. et al. 2020. Gallium nitride: a versatile compound semiconductor as novel piezoelectric film for acoustic tweezer in manipulation of cancer cells. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices 67(8), pp. 3355-3361. (10.1109/TED.2020.3002498)
- Xie, Z., Pavlidis, D., Salinas, P., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2020. A control volume finite element method for three-dimensional three-phase flows. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 92(7), pp. 765-784. (10.1002/fld.4805)
- Mikhaylov, R. et al. 2020. Development and characterisation of acoustofluidic devices using detachable electrodes made from PCB. Lab on a Chip 20(10), pp. 1807-1814. (10.1039/C9LC01192G)
- Ransley, E. et al. 2020. A blind comparative study of focused wave Interactions with floating structures (CCP-WSI Blind Test Series 3). International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 30(1), pp. 1-10. (10.17736/ijope.2020.jc774)
- Yan, S., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ma, Q. and Xie, Z. 2020. CCP-WSI Blind Test using qaleFOAM with an improved passive wave absorber. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 30(1), pp. 43-52. (10.17736/ijope.2020.jc781)
- Fang, K., Liu, Z., Sun, J., Xie, Z. and Zheng, Z. 2020. Development and validation of a two-layer Boussinesq model for simulating free surface waves generated by bottom motion. Applied Ocean Research 94, article number: 101977. (10.1016/j.apor.2019.101977)
- Salinas, P., Pain, C., Osman, H., Jacquemyn, C., Xie, Z. and Jackson, M. 2020. Vanishing artificial diffusion as a mechanism to accelerate convergence for multiphase porous media flow. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 359, article number: 112535. (10.1016/j.cma.2019.07.004)

### 2019

- Yan, S., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ma, Q. and Xie, Z. 2019. Numerical simulation of wave structure interaction using qalefoam. Presented at: 29th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Honolulu; US, 16-21 June 2019Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference. US: International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE) pp. 3089-3095.
- Xie, Z., Yan, S., Ma, Q., Stoesser, T. and Lü, L. 2019. Three-dimensional numerical study of solitary waves interacting with a horizontal plate. Presented at: 29th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Honolulu; US, 16-21 June 2019Proceedings of the Twenty-ninth (2019) International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Vol. 3. US: International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE) pp. 2733-2738.
- Yan, S., Xie, Z., Li, Q., Wang, J., Ma, Q. and Stoesser, T. 2019. Comparative numerical study on focusing wave interaction with FPSO-like structure. Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering (IJOPE) 29(2), pp. 149-157.
- Ransley, E. et al. 2019. A blind comparative study of focused wave interactions with a fixed FPSO-like structure (CCP-WSI Blind Test Series 1). International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 29(2), pp. 113-127. (10.17736/ijope.2019.jc748)

### 2018

- Salinas, P., Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Osman, H., Pain, C. C. and Jackson, M. D. 2018. A robust mesh optimisation method for multiphase porous media flows. Computational Geosciences 22(5), pp. 1389-1401. (10.1007/s10596-018-9759-z)
- Lei, Q. et al. 2018. The shape and motion of gas bubbles in a liquid flowing through a thin annulus. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 855, pp. 1017-1039. (10.1017/jfm.2018.696)
- Tang, G., Lu, L., Teng, Y., Zhang, Z. and Xie, Z. 2018. Impulse waves generated by subaerial landslides of combined block mass and granular material. Coastal Engineering 141, pp. -. (10.1016/j.coastaleng.2018.09.003)
- Salinas, P., Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Osman, H., Pain, C. C. and Jackson, M. D. 2018. A discontinuous control volume finite element method for multi-phase flow in heterogeneous porous media. Journal of Computational Physics 352, pp. 602-614. (10.1016/j.jcp.2017.09.058)

### 2017

- Salinas, P., Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Pain, C. C., Jacquemyn, C., Melnikova, Y. and Jackson, M. D. 2017. Improving the robustness of the control volume finite element method with application to multiphase porous media flow. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 85(4), pp. 235-246. (10.1002/fld.4381)
- Xie, Z. et al. 2017. Numerical simulation of three-dimensional breaking waves and its interaction with a vertical circular cylinder. Journal of Hydrodynamics 29(5), pp. 800-804. (10.1016/S1001-6058(16)60791-6)
- Xie, Z. 2017. Numerical modelling of wind effects on breaking waves in the surf zone. Ocean Dynamics 67(10), pp. 1251-1261. (10.1007/s10236-017-1086-8)
- Salinas, P., Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Adam, A., Pain, C. C. and Jackson, M. D. 2017. Improving the convergence behaviour of a fixed-point-iteration solver for multiphase flow in porous media. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 84(8), pp. 466-476. (10.1002/fld.4357)
- Xie, Z., Hewitt, G. F., Pavlidis, D., Salinas, P., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2017. Numerical study of three-dimensional droplet impact on a flowing liquid film in annular two-phase flow. Chemical Engineering Science 166, pp. 303-312. (10.1016/j.ces.2017.04.015)
- Nowak, E., Xie, Z., Kovalchuk, N. M., Matar, O. K. and Simmons, M. J. H. 2017. Bulk advection and interfacial flows in the binary coalescence of surfactant-laden and surfactant-free drops. Soft Matter 13(26), pp. 4616-4628. (10.1039/C7SM00328E)
- Adebayo, I., Xie, Z., Che, Z. and Matar, O. K. 2017. Doubly excited pulse waves on thin liquid films flowing down an inclined plane: an experimental and numerical study. Physical Review E 96(1), article number: 13118. (10.1103/PhysRevE.96.013118)
- Gomes, J. L. M. A. et al. 2017. A force-balanced control volume finite element method for multi-phase porous media flow modelling. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 83(5), pp. 431-445. (10.1002/fld.4275)

### 2016

- Xie, Z., Pavlidis, D., Salinas, P., Percival, J. R., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2016. A balanced-force control volume finite element method for interfacial flows with surface tension using adaptive anisotropic unstructured meshes. Computers and Fluids 138, pp. 38-50. (10.1016/j.compfluid.2016.08.005)
- Adam, A. et al. 2016. Higher-order conservative interpolation between control-volume meshes: Application to advection and multiphase flow problems with dynamic mesh adaptivity. Journal of Computational Physics 321, pp. 512-531. (10.1016/j.jcp.2016.05.058)
- Lu, L., Guo, X., Tang, G., Liu, M., Chen, C. and Xie, Z. 2016. Numerical investigation of flow-induced rotary oscillation of circular cylinder with rigid splitter plate. Physics of Fluids 28(9), article number: 93604. (10.1063/1.4962706)
- Pavlidis, D., Gomes, J. L. M. A., Xie, Z., Percival, J. R., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2016. Compressive advection and multi-component methods for interface-capturing. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 80(4), pp. 256-282. (10.1002/fld.4078)

### 2015

- Xie, Z. 2015. A two-phase flow model for three-dimensional breaking waves over complex topography. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 471(2180), article number: 20150101. (10.1098/rspa.2015.0101)
- Pavlidis, D. et al. 2015. Numerical modelling of melt behaviour in the lower vessel head of a nuclear reactor. Procedia IUTAM 15, pp. 72-77. (10.1016/j.piutam.2015.04.011)

### 2014

- Xie, Z., Pavlidis, D., Percival, J. R., Gomes, J. L., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2014. Adaptive unstructured mesh modelling of multiphase flows. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 67, pp. 104-110. (10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2014.08.002)
- Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Percival, J. R., Gomes, J. L., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2014. Two- and three-phase horizontal slug flow simulations using an interface-capturing compositional approach. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 67, pp. 85-91. (10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2014.07.007)
- Percival, J. R. et al. 2014. Control volume finite element modelling of segregation of sand and granular flows in fluidized beds. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 67, pp. 191-199. (10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2014.10.002)
- Xie, Z., Lin, B. and Falconer, R. A. 2014. Turbulence characteristics in free-surface flow over two-dimensional dunes. Journal of Hydro-Environment Research 8(3), pp. 200-209. (10.1016/j.jher.2014.01.002)
- Xie, Z. 2014. Numerical modelling of wind effects on breaking solitary waves. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids 43, pp. 135-147. (10.1016/j.euromechflu.2013.08.001)

### 2013

- Xie, Z., Lin, B. and Falconer, R. A. 2013. Large-eddy simulation of the turbulent structure in compound open-channel flows. Advances in Water Resources 53, pp. 66-75. (10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.10.009)
- Xie, Z. 2013. Two-phase flow modelling of spilling and plunging breaking waves. Applied Mathematical Modelling 37(6), pp. 3698-3713. (10.1016/j.apm.2012.07.057)
- Xie, Z., Lin, B., Falconer, R. A. and Maddux, T. B. 2013. Large-eddy simulation of turbulent open-channel flow over three-dimensional dunes. Journal of Hydraulic Research 51(5), pp. 494-505. (10.1080/00221686.2013.835287)

### 2012

- Xie, Z. 2012. Numerical study of breaking waves by a two-phase flow model. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 70(2), pp. 246-268. (10.1002/fld.2690)

### 2009

- Zhou, J., Lin, J. and Xie, Z. 2009. A highly accurate compact explicit difference scheme for extended Boussinesq equations. Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology 41, pp. 215-218.

### 2008

- Xie, Z., Lin, J. and Zhou, J. 2008. A new unconditionally stable explicit scheme for the convection-diffusion equation with Robin boundary conditions. International Journal of Computer Mathematics 85(12), pp. 1833-1847. (10.1080/00207160701581574)
- Lin, J., Xie, Z., Yu, D. and Zhou, J. 2008. A three-point explicit compact difference scheme with arbitrary order of accuracy for the two dimensional pollutant diffusion equation. Chinese Journal of Computational Mechanics 25, pp. 511-516.

### 2007

- Lin, J., Xie, Z. and Zhou, J. 2007. High-order compact difference scheme for the regularized long wave equation. Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering 23(2), pp. 135-156. (10.1002/cnm.892)
- Lin, J., Xie, Z. and Zhou, J. 2007. Three-point explicit compact difference scheme with arbitrary order of accuracy and its application in CFD. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics 28(7), pp. 943-953. (10.1007/s10483-007-0711-x)
- Lin, J., Xie, Z. and Zhou, J. 2007. High-order compact scheme and its stability analysis for the pollutant diffusion equation. Chinese Journal of Computational Mechanics 26, pp. 790-794.
- Zhou, J., Lin, J. and Xie, Z. 2007. A compact explicit difference scheme of high accuracy for extended Boussinesq equations. China Ocean Engineering 21, pp. 507-514.
- Zhou, J., Lin, J. and Xie, Z. 2007. Numerical simulation for higher-order Boussinesq type equations and experimental verifications. The Ocean Engineering 25, pp. 88-92.

### 2006

- Lin, J., Xie, Z. and Zhou, J. 2006. Application of a three-point explicit compact difference scheme to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. Journal of Hydrodynamics, Ser. B 18(3), pp. 151-156. (10.1016/S1001-6058(06)60046-2)

### 2005

- Xie, Z., Lin, J. and You, X. 2005. Comparative investigation of some high-order explicit schemes combined with QUICK for the convection-diffusion equation of pollutants. Journal of Hydrodynamics, Series A 20, pp. 346-356.

### Articles

- Hergibo, P., Phillips, T. N. and Xie, Z. 2023. A moment-of-fluid method for resolving filamentary structures using a symmetric multi-material approach. Journal of Computational Physics 491, article number: 112401. (10.1016/j.jcp.2023.112401)
- Wu, F. et al. 2023. Power-controlled acoustofluidic manipulation of microparticles. Ultrasonics 134, article number: 107087. (10.1016/j.ultras.2023.107087)
- Luo, Q., Stoesser, T., Jalalabadi, R. and Xie, Z. 2023. Hydrodynamics and turbulence of free-surface flow over a backward-facing step. Journal of Hydraulic Research 61(5), pp. 611-630. (10.1080/00221686.2023.2239751)
- Zhang, N., Yan, S., Ma, Q., Guo, X., Xie, Z. and Zheng, X. 2023. A CNN-supported Lagrangian ISPH model for free surface flow. Applied Ocean Research 136, article number: 103587. (10.1016/j.apor.2023.103587)
- Li, Q., Yan, S., Zhang, Y., Zhang, N., Ma, Q. and Xie, Z. 2023. Numerical modelling of breaking wave impacts on seawalls with recurved parapets using qaleFOAM. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 33(2), pp. 157-163. (10.17736/ijope.2023.sv05)
- Wang, H. et al. 2023. An enhanced tilted-angle acoustic tweezer for mechanical phenotyping of cancer cells. Analytica Chimica Acta 1255, article number: 341120. (10.1016/j.aca.2023.341120)
- Doherty, W., Phillips, T. N. and Xie, Z. 2023. A stabilised finite element framework for viscoelastic multiphase flows using a conservative level-set method. Journal of Computational Physics 477, article number: 111936. (10.1016/j.jcp.2023.111936)
- Wang, H. et al. 2023. Modelling hybrid acoustofluidic devices for enhancing nano- and micro-particle manipulation in microfluidics. Applied Acoustics 205, article number: 109258. (10.1016/j.apacoust.2023.109258)
- Zhang, C., Kang, Z., Ni, W. and Xie, Z. 2022. Coupling effects of top-end dynamic boundary with a planar trajectory of "8" on three-dimensional VIV characteristics. Marine Structures 86, article number: 103304. (10.1016/j.marstruc.2022.103304)
- Sun, C. et al. 2022. Acoustically accelerated neural differentiation of human embryonic stem cells. Acta Biomaterialia 151, pp. 333-345. (10.1016/j.actbio.2022.07.041)
- Xie, Z. 2022. An implicit Cartesian cut-cell method for incompressible viscous flows with complex geometries. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 399, article number: 115449. (10.1016/j.cma.2022.115449)
- Xie, Z., Lin, P. and Stoesser, T. 2022. A conservative and consistent implicit Cartesian cut-cell method for moving geometries with reduced spurious pressure oscillations. Journal of Computational Physics 459, article number: 111124. (10.1016/j.jcp.2022.111124)
- Brocchini, M., Marini, F., Postacchini, M., Zitti, G., Falchi, M. and Xie, Z. 2022. Interaction between breaking-induced vortices and near-bed structures. Part 1. Experimental and theoretical investigation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 940, article number: A44. (10.1017/jfm.2022.260)
- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Yuan, C., Xie, Z., Dong, G. and Stoesser, T. 2022. An efficient 3D non-hydrostatic model for predicting nonlinear wave interactions with fixed floating structures. Ocean Engineering 248, article number: 110810. (10.1016/j.oceaneng.2022.110810)
- Xie, Z. and Lin, P. 2022. Eulerian and Lagrangian transport by shallow-water breaking waves. Physics of Fluids 34(3), article number: 32116. (10.1063/5.0086434)
- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Yuan, C., Xie, Z., Dong, G. and Stoesser, T. 2022. Vortex shedding and evolution induced by the interactions between a solitary wave and a submerged horizontal plate. Journal of Hydraulic Research 60(2), pp. 311-325. (10.1080/00221686.2021.2001594)
- Li, Q., Xia, J., Xie, Z., Zhou, M. and Deng, S. 2022. Hazard and vulnerability in urban inundated underground space: Hydrodynamic analysis of human instability for stairway evacuation. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 70, article number: 102754. (10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102754)
- Li, Q., Xia, J., Zhou, M., Deng, S., Zhang, H. and Xie, Z. 2022. Physical modelling of energy losses at surcharged three-way junction manholes in drainage system. Water Science and Technology 85(4), pp. 1011-1026., article number: 639. (10.2166/wst.2021.639)
- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Ding, W., Xie, Z. and Dong, G. 2022. Three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model for dam-break flows. Physics of Fluids 34(2), article number: 22105. (10.1063/5.0081094)
- Xie, Z., Lin, B., Falconer, R., Nichols, A., Tait, S. and Horoshenkov, K. 2022. Large-eddy simulation of turbulent free surface flow over a gravel bed. Journal of Hydraulic Research 60(2), pp. 205-219. (10.1080/00221686.2021.1908437)
- Adzic, F., Stoesser, T., Liu, Y. and Xie, Z. 2022. Large-eddy simulation of supercritical free-surface flow in an open-channel contraction. Journal of Hydraulic Research 60(4), pp. 628-644. (10.1080/00221686.2022.2041496)
- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Ding, W., Xie, Z. and Dong, G. 2021. An efficient three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model for undular bores in open channels. Physics of Fluids 33(12), article number: 127111. (10.1063/5.0073241)
- Christou, A., Stoesser, T. and Xie, Z. 2021. A large-eddy-simulation-based numerical wave tank for three-dimensional wave-structure interaction. Computers and Fluids 231, article number: 105179. (10.1016/j.compfluid.2021.105179)
- Xie, Z., Stoesser, T. and Xia, J. 2021. Simulation of three-dimensional free-surface dam-break flows over a cuboid, cylinder, and sphere. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 147(9), article number: 6021009. (10.1061/%28ASCE%29HY.1943-7900.0001910)
- Ai, C., Ma, Y., Yuan, C., Xie, Z. and Dong, G. 2021. A three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model for tsunami waves generated by submarine landslides. Applied Mathematical Modelling 96, pp. 1-19. (10.1016/j.apm.2021.02.014)
- Jalalabadi, R., Stoesser, T., Ouro, P., Luo, Q. and Xie, Z. 2021. Free surface flow over square bars at different Reynolds numbers. Journal of Hydro-environment Research 36, pp. 67-76. (10.1016/j.jher.2021.03.005)
- Wu, F. et al. 2021. An enhanced tilted-angle acoustofluidic chip for cancer cell manipulation. IEEE Electron Device Letters 42(4), pp. 577-580. (10.1109/LED.2021.3062292)
- Ransley, E. J. et al. 2021. Focused wave interactions with floating structures: A blind comparative study. Engineering and Computational Mechanics 174(1), pp. 46-61. (10.1680/jencm.20.00006)
- Lu, L., Zhou, Z., Qin, J., Song, Z., Xie, Z., Lou, X. and Li, Y. 2021. Three-dimensional viscous numerical simulations of focused waves on bottom-mounted multiple rigid circular cylinders. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 31(1), pp. 61-70. (10.17736/ijope.2021.jc822)
- Venkatachalam, S. et al. 2021. A comparative study on the nonlinear interaction between a focusing wave and cylinder using state-of-the-art solvers: part A. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 31(1), pp. 1-10. (10.17736/ijope.2021.jc820)
- Agarwal, S. et al. 2021. A comparative study on the nonlinear interaction between a focusing wave and cylinder using state-of-the-art solvers: part B. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 31(1), pp. 11-18. (10.17736/ijope.2021.jc832)
- Christou, A., Xie, Z., Stoesser, T. and Ouro Barba, P. 2021. Propagation of a solitary wave over a finite submerged thin plate. Applied Ocean Research 106 (10.1016/j.apor.2020.102425)
- Sun, C. et al. 2021. Flexible printed circuit board as novel electrodes for acoustofluidic devices. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices 68(1), pp. 393-398. (10.1109/TED.2020.3039760)
- Xie, Z., Martelo Lopez, S., Christou, A., Stoesser, T., Lu, L. and Lin, P. 2021. Numerical investigation of steep focused wave interaction with a vertical cylinder using a cartesian cut-cell method. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 31(1), pp. 78-86. (10.17736/ijope.2021.jc809)
- Via-Estrem, L. et al. 2020. Robust control volume finite element methods for numerical wave tanks using extreme adaptive anisotropic meshes. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 92(12), pp. 1707-1722. (10.1002/fld.4845)
- Sun, C. et al. 2020. Thin film gallium nitride (GaN) based acoustofluidic tweezer: modelling and microparticle manipulation. Ultrasonics 108, article number: 106202. (10.1016/j.ultras.2020.106202)
- Xie, Z., Stoesser, T., Yan, S., Ma, Q. and Lin, P. 2020. A Cartesian cut-cell based multiphase flow model for large-eddy simulation of three-dimensional wave-structure interaction. Computers and Fluids 213, article number: 104747. (10.1016/j.compfluid.2020.104747)
- Xie, Z. and Stoesser, T. 2020. Two-phase flow simulation of breaking solitary waves over surface-piercing and submerged conical structures. Ocean Engineering 213, article number: 107679. (10.1016/j.oceaneng.2020.107679)
- Wang, J., Yan, S., Ma, Q., Wang, J., Xie, Z. and Marran, S. 2020. Numerical simulation of focused wave interaction with WEC models using qaleFOAM. Engineering and Computational Mechanics 173(3), pp. 100-118. (10.1680/jencm.19.00035)
- Zhang, C., Kang, Z., Stoesser, T., Xie, Z. and Massie, L. 2020. Experimental investigation on the VIV of a slender body under the combination of uniform flow and top-end surge. Ocean Engineering 216, article number: 108094. (10.1016/j.oceaneng.2020.108094)
- Mikhaylov, R. et al. 2020. Correction: Development and characterisation of acoustofluidic devices using detachable electrodes made from PCB. Lab on a Chip 20(17), article number: 3278. (10.1039/D0LC90070B)
- Xie, Z. and Stoesser, T. 2020. A three-dimensional Cartesian cut-cell/volume-of-fluid method for two-phase flows with moving bodies. Journal of Computational Physics 416, article number: 109536. (10.1016/j.jcp.2020.109536)
- Sun, C. et al. 2020. Gallium nitride: a versatile compound semiconductor as novel piezoelectric film for acoustic tweezer in manipulation of cancer cells. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices 67(8), pp. 3355-3361. (10.1109/TED.2020.3002498)
- Xie, Z., Pavlidis, D., Salinas, P., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2020. A control volume finite element method for three-dimensional three-phase flows. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 92(7), pp. 765-784. (10.1002/fld.4805)
- Mikhaylov, R. et al. 2020. Development and characterisation of acoustofluidic devices using detachable electrodes made from PCB. Lab on a Chip 20(10), pp. 1807-1814. (10.1039/C9LC01192G)
- Ransley, E. et al. 2020. A blind comparative study of focused wave Interactions with floating structures (CCP-WSI Blind Test Series 3). International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 30(1), pp. 1-10. (10.17736/ijope.2020.jc774)
- Yan, S., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ma, Q. and Xie, Z. 2020. CCP-WSI Blind Test using qaleFOAM with an improved passive wave absorber. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 30(1), pp. 43-52. (10.17736/ijope.2020.jc781)
- Fang, K., Liu, Z., Sun, J., Xie, Z. and Zheng, Z. 2020. Development and validation of a two-layer Boussinesq model for simulating free surface waves generated by bottom motion. Applied Ocean Research 94, article number: 101977. (10.1016/j.apor.2019.101977)
- Salinas, P., Pain, C., Osman, H., Jacquemyn, C., Xie, Z. and Jackson, M. 2020. Vanishing artificial diffusion as a mechanism to accelerate convergence for multiphase porous media flow. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 359, article number: 112535. (10.1016/j.cma.2019.07.004)
- Yan, S., Xie, Z., Li, Q., Wang, J., Ma, Q. and Stoesser, T. 2019. Comparative numerical study on focusing wave interaction with FPSO-like structure. Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering (IJOPE) 29(2), pp. 149-157.
- Ransley, E. et al. 2019. A blind comparative study of focused wave interactions with a fixed FPSO-like structure (CCP-WSI Blind Test Series 1). International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering 29(2), pp. 113-127. (10.17736/ijope.2019.jc748)
- Salinas, P., Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Osman, H., Pain, C. C. and Jackson, M. D. 2018. A robust mesh optimisation method for multiphase porous media flows. Computational Geosciences 22(5), pp. 1389-1401. (10.1007/s10596-018-9759-z)
- Lei, Q. et al. 2018. The shape and motion of gas bubbles in a liquid flowing through a thin annulus. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 855, pp. 1017-1039. (10.1017/jfm.2018.696)
- Tang, G., Lu, L., Teng, Y., Zhang, Z. and Xie, Z. 2018. Impulse waves generated by subaerial landslides of combined block mass and granular material. Coastal Engineering 141, pp. -. (10.1016/j.coastaleng.2018.09.003)
- Salinas, P., Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Osman, H., Pain, C. C. and Jackson, M. D. 2018. A discontinuous control volume finite element method for multi-phase flow in heterogeneous porous media. Journal of Computational Physics 352, pp. 602-614. (10.1016/j.jcp.2017.09.058)
- Salinas, P., Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Pain, C. C., Jacquemyn, C., Melnikova, Y. and Jackson, M. D. 2017. Improving the robustness of the control volume finite element method with application to multiphase porous media flow. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 85(4), pp. 235-246. (10.1002/fld.4381)
- Xie, Z. et al. 2017. Numerical simulation of three-dimensional breaking waves and its interaction with a vertical circular cylinder. Journal of Hydrodynamics 29(5), pp. 800-804. (10.1016/S1001-6058(16)60791-6)
- Xie, Z. 2017. Numerical modelling of wind effects on breaking waves in the surf zone. Ocean Dynamics 67(10), pp. 1251-1261. (10.1007/s10236-017-1086-8)
- Salinas, P., Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Adam, A., Pain, C. C. and Jackson, M. D. 2017. Improving the convergence behaviour of a fixed-point-iteration solver for multiphase flow in porous media. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 84(8), pp. 466-476. (10.1002/fld.4357)
- Xie, Z., Hewitt, G. F., Pavlidis, D., Salinas, P., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2017. Numerical study of three-dimensional droplet impact on a flowing liquid film in annular two-phase flow. Chemical Engineering Science 166, pp. 303-312. (10.1016/j.ces.2017.04.015)
- Nowak, E., Xie, Z., Kovalchuk, N. M., Matar, O. K. and Simmons, M. J. H. 2017. Bulk advection and interfacial flows in the binary coalescence of surfactant-laden and surfactant-free drops. Soft Matter 13(26), pp. 4616-4628. (10.1039/C7SM00328E)
- Adebayo, I., Xie, Z., Che, Z. and Matar, O. K. 2017. Doubly excited pulse waves on thin liquid films flowing down an inclined plane: an experimental and numerical study. Physical Review E 96(1), article number: 13118. (10.1103/PhysRevE.96.013118)
- Gomes, J. L. M. A. et al. 2017. A force-balanced control volume finite element method for multi-phase porous media flow modelling. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 83(5), pp. 431-445. (10.1002/fld.4275)
- Xie, Z., Pavlidis, D., Salinas, P., Percival, J. R., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2016. A balanced-force control volume finite element method for interfacial flows with surface tension using adaptive anisotropic unstructured meshes. Computers and Fluids 138, pp. 38-50. (10.1016/j.compfluid.2016.08.005)
- Adam, A. et al. 2016. Higher-order conservative interpolation between control-volume meshes: Application to advection and multiphase flow problems with dynamic mesh adaptivity. Journal of Computational Physics 321, pp. 512-531. (10.1016/j.jcp.2016.05.058)
- Lu, L., Guo, X., Tang, G., Liu, M., Chen, C. and Xie, Z. 2016. Numerical investigation of flow-induced rotary oscillation of circular cylinder with rigid splitter plate. Physics of Fluids 28(9), article number: 93604. (10.1063/1.4962706)
- Pavlidis, D., Gomes, J. L. M. A., Xie, Z., Percival, J. R., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2016. Compressive advection and multi-component methods for interface-capturing. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 80(4), pp. 256-282. (10.1002/fld.4078)
- Xie, Z. 2015. A two-phase flow model for three-dimensional breaking waves over complex topography. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 471(2180), article number: 20150101. (10.1098/rspa.2015.0101)
- Pavlidis, D. et al. 2015. Numerical modelling of melt behaviour in the lower vessel head of a nuclear reactor. Procedia IUTAM 15, pp. 72-77. (10.1016/j.piutam.2015.04.011)
- Xie, Z., Pavlidis, D., Percival, J. R., Gomes, J. L., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2014. Adaptive unstructured mesh modelling of multiphase flows. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 67, pp. 104-110. (10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2014.08.002)
- Pavlidis, D., Xie, Z., Percival, J. R., Gomes, J. L., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2014. Two- and three-phase horizontal slug flow simulations using an interface-capturing compositional approach. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 67, pp. 85-91. (10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2014.07.007)
- Percival, J. R. et al. 2014. Control volume finite element modelling of segregation of sand and granular flows in fluidized beds. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 67, pp. 191-199. (10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2014.10.002)
- Xie, Z., Lin, B. and Falconer, R. A. 2014. Turbulence characteristics in free-surface flow over two-dimensional dunes. Journal of Hydro-Environment Research 8(3), pp. 200-209. (10.1016/j.jher.2014.01.002)
- Xie, Z. 2014. Numerical modelling of wind effects on breaking solitary waves. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids 43, pp. 135-147. (10.1016/j.euromechflu.2013.08.001)
- Xie, Z., Lin, B. and Falconer, R. A. 2013. Large-eddy simulation of the turbulent structure in compound open-channel flows. Advances in Water Resources 53, pp. 66-75. (10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.10.009)
- Xie, Z. 2013. Two-phase flow modelling of spilling and plunging breaking waves. Applied Mathematical Modelling 37(6), pp. 3698-3713. (10.1016/j.apm.2012.07.057)
- Xie, Z., Lin, B., Falconer, R. A. and Maddux, T. B. 2013. Large-eddy simulation of turbulent open-channel flow over three-dimensional dunes. Journal of Hydraulic Research 51(5), pp. 494-505. (10.1080/00221686.2013.835287)
- Xie, Z. 2012. Numerical study of breaking waves by a two-phase flow model. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 70(2), pp. 246-268. (10.1002/fld.2690)
- Zhou, J., Lin, J. and Xie, Z. 2009. A highly accurate compact explicit difference scheme for extended Boussinesq equations. Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology 41, pp. 215-218.
- Xie, Z., Lin, J. and Zhou, J. 2008. A new unconditionally stable explicit scheme for the convection-diffusion equation with Robin boundary conditions. International Journal of Computer Mathematics 85(12), pp. 1833-1847. (10.1080/00207160701581574)
- Lin, J., Xie, Z., Yu, D. and Zhou, J. 2008. A three-point explicit compact difference scheme with arbitrary order of accuracy for the two dimensional pollutant diffusion equation. Chinese Journal of Computational Mechanics 25, pp. 511-516.
- Lin, J., Xie, Z. and Zhou, J. 2007. High-order compact difference scheme for the regularized long wave equation. Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering 23(2), pp. 135-156. (10.1002/cnm.892)
- Lin, J., Xie, Z. and Zhou, J. 2007. Three-point explicit compact difference scheme with arbitrary order of accuracy and its application in CFD. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics 28(7), pp. 943-953. (10.1007/s10483-007-0711-x)
- Lin, J., Xie, Z. and Zhou, J. 2007. High-order compact scheme and its stability analysis for the pollutant diffusion equation. Chinese Journal of Computational Mechanics 26, pp. 790-794.
- Zhou, J., Lin, J. and Xie, Z. 2007. A compact explicit difference scheme of high accuracy for extended Boussinesq equations. China Ocean Engineering 21, pp. 507-514.
- Zhou, J., Lin, J. and Xie, Z. 2007. Numerical simulation for higher-order Boussinesq type equations and experimental verifications. The Ocean Engineering 25, pp. 88-92.
- Lin, J., Xie, Z. and Zhou, J. 2006. Application of a three-point explicit compact difference scheme to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. Journal of Hydrodynamics, Ser. B 18(3), pp. 151-156. (10.1016/S1001-6058(06)60046-2)
- Xie, Z., Lin, J. and You, X. 2005. Comparative investigation of some high-order explicit schemes combined with QUICK for the convection-diffusion equation of pollutants. Journal of Hydrodynamics, Series A 20, pp. 346-356.

### Conferences

- Yan, S., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ma, Q. and Xie, Z. 2019. Numerical simulation of wave structure interaction using qalefoam. Presented at: 29th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Honolulu; US, 16-21 June 2019Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference. US: International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE) pp. 3089-3095.
- Xie, Z., Yan, S., Ma, Q., Stoesser, T. and Lü, L. 2019. Three-dimensional numerical study of solitary waves interacting with a horizontal plate. Presented at: 29th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Honolulu; US, 16-21 June 2019Proceedings of the Twenty-ninth (2019) International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Vol. 3. US: International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE) pp. 2733-2738.

- Xie, Z., Lin, B., Falconer, R., Nichols, A., Tait, S. and Horoshenkov, K. 2022. Large-eddy simulation of turbulent free surface flow over a gravel bed. Journal of Hydraulic Research 60(2), pp. 205-219. (10.1080/00221686.2021.1908437)
- Xie, Z., Stoesser, T. and Xia, J. 2021. Simulation of three-dimensional free-surface dam-break flows over a cuboid, cylinder, and sphere. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 147(9), article number: 6021009. (10.1061/%28ASCE%29HY.1943-7900.0001910)
- Xie, Z., Stoesser, T., Yan, S., Ma, Q. and Lin, P. 2020. A Cartesian cut-cell based multiphase flow model for large-eddy simulation of three-dimensional wave-structure interaction. Computers and Fluids 213, article number: 104747. (10.1016/j.compfluid.2020.104747)
- Xie, Z. and Stoesser, T. 2020. A three-dimensional Cartesian cut-cell/volume-of-fluid method for two-phase flows with moving bodies. Journal of Computational Physics 416, article number: 109536. (10.1016/j.jcp.2020.109536)
- Xie, Z., Pavlidis, D., Salinas, P., Pain, C. C. and Matar, O. K. 2020. A control volume finite element method for three-dimensional three-phase flows. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 92(7), pp. 765-784. (10.1002/fld.4805)
- Lei, Q. et al. 2018. The shape and motion of gas bubbles in a liquid flowing through a thin annulus. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 855, pp. 1017-1039. (10.1017/jfm.2018.696)
- Xie, Z. 2015. A two-phase flow model for three-dimensional breaking waves over complex topography. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 471(2180), article number: 20150101. (10.1098/rspa.2015.0101)

## Research

### Research interests

- Computational Fluid Dynamics
- Turbulence Modelling and Simulation
- Interfacial and Multiphase Flows
- Water Wave Mechanics
- Hydrodynamics
- Hydraulics
- Coastal, Ocean and Offshore Engineering
- Environmental Fluid Mechanics
- Fluid-Structure Interaction
- Chemical Engineering
- Numerical Methods and High Performance Computing.

### Research grants and projects

Title |
People |
Funder |
Value |
Duration |

International Exchanges with China (IEC\NSFC\211143) |
Z.Xie |
Royal Society | £12,000 |
31/03/2022-30/03/2024 |

New Generation Modelling Suite for the Survivability of Wave Energy Convertors in Marine Environments (WaveE-Suite) (EP/V040235/1) |
CoI, Cardiff PI (Led by City University of London) |
EPSRC | £1,003,317 |
01/09/2021-31/08/2024 |

GCRF Small Project Award |
Z.Xie |
HEFCW | £37,395 |
01/01/2021-30/06/2021 |

International Exchanges with Italy for Prof. Maurizio Brocchini (IES\R2\202095) |
Z.Xie |
Royal Society | £12,000 |
14/12/2020-13/12/2023 |

EPSRC DTP PhD Studentship for Philippe Hergibo (2440134) |
Z.Xie, T.N. Phillips |
EPSRC | £65,000 |
01/10/2020-31/03/2024 |

EPSRC DTP PhD Studentship for Will Doherty (2397637) |
Z.Xie, T.N. Phillips, S.Pan |
EPSRC | £65,000 |
01/07/2020-31/12/2023 |

Newton Advanced Fellowship (NAF\R1\201156) |
Z.Xie (UK PI), J.Xia (China PI) |
Royal Society | £73,000 |
31/03/2020- 30/09/2023 |

Distributed Fibre-optic Cable Sensing for Buried Pipe Infrastructure (EP/S016376/1) |
T.Stoesser, Z.Xie, P.Ouro |
EPSRC | £371,330 |
01/05/2019- 30/04/2022 |

China-UK Researcher Link Workshop "Coastal and Offshore Renewable Energy Systems under Extreme Events" (2018-RLWK10-10151) |
Z.Xie | Newton Fund from British Council | £21,600 |
01/01/2019- 31/12/2019 |

Rapid Monitoring of River Hydrodynamics and Morphology using Acoustic Holography (EP/R022135/1) | T.Stoesser, Z.Xie, R.A.Falconer | EPSRC | £410,620 | 01/11/2018- 30/04/2022 |

GW4 Crucible Seed Fund "The Resilience Games" | M.Alexander, H.Smith, A.Healy, G.Giardina, L.Petetin, R.Poole, Z.Xie | GW4 | £4,000 | 01/09/2018- 31/03/2019 |

Cardiff University GCRF-HEFCW Fellowship | Z.Xie | GCRF | £6,500 | 01/05/2018- 31/07/2018 |

Short Research Visit to University of Cambridge | Z.Xie | EPSRC via UK Fluids Network | £960 | 01/01/2018- 31/12/2018 |

## Teaching

### Undergraduate courses

- EN1091 - Engineering Analysis
- EN1914 - Professional Studies (Fluid Mechanics)
- EN3317 - Environmental Hydraulics
- EN3100 - Project
- MEng (International) Mobility Tutor for Civil Engineering

### Postgraduate courses

- ENT602 - Environmental Fluid Mechanics
- ENT725 - Case Study

## Biography

### Education and qualifications

- 2010: PhD in Computational Fluid Dynamics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
- 2006: Postgraduate study in Hydrodynamics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China
- 2003: BEng Environmental Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China

### Honours and awards

- Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellowship for Experienced Researchers (2023).
- Baker Medal, The Institution of Civil Engineers (2021, 2022)
- Outstanding Contribution Award, Cardiff University (2018)
- Participant of GW4 Crucible Programme (2018)
- Marie Curie EST Fellowship, University of Leeds (2006-2009)
- Kwang-Hua Scholarship, Kwang-Hua Education Foundation (2006)

### Professional memberships

- Member of the UKRI Talent Panel College (2023 - )
- Member of the EPSRC Peer Review College (2017 - )
- Member of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR)
- Member of the International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)
- Member of American Physical Society (APS)
- STEM Ambassador

### Academic positions

- 08/2022 - present: Reader, Cardiff University
- 08/2019 - 07/2022: Senior Lecturer, Cardiff University
- 01/2017 - 07/2019: Lecturer, Cardiff University
- 01/2017 - present: Honorary Research Associate, Imperial College London
- 01/2013 - 12/2016: Research Associate, Imperial College London
- 01/2010 - 12/2012: Research Associate, Cardiff University
- 11/2006 - 10/2009: Marie Curie EST Research Fellow, University of Leeds

### Committees and reviewing

*Co-Chair, *China-UK Newton Fund Researchers Link Workshop on **C**oastal and **O**ffshore **R**enewable **E**nergy **S**ystems under **E**xtreme **E**vents (CORESEE 2019) in Dalian, China 28-31 July 2019*.* *http://coresee2019.wordpress.com*

*External PhD Examiner for:*

- University of Cambridge, UK (2018, 2022)
- University College Dublin, Ireland (2021)
- Bournemouth University, UK (2021)
- University of Warwick, UK (2022)
- Cranfield University, UK (2022)
- Queen Mary University of London, UK (2023)
- Delft University of Technology, Netherlands (2023)

*Editorial Board for:*

- Applied Ocean Research (Elsevier)
- Scientific Reports (Nature)

*Grant reviewer for: *

- EPSRC
- British Council
- UKRI COVID-19 Proposals
- Czech Science Foundation

*Committee member for:*

- Leadership Team of IAHR Technical Committee on Coastal and Maritime Hydraulics
- Technical Program Committee for International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)

## Supervisions

### Current supervision

## Santiago Lopez

Research student

## Roman Mikhaylov

Research student

## Will Doherty

Research student

## Philippe Hergibo

Research student